Baby Safety

Your child's safety is your responsibility. The following tips should help you keep your baby out of harm's way from birth through his toddler years.

Baby Safety in the Car

  • Always use a federally approved car safety seat when traveling in a motor vehicle.
  • Carefully read safety seat instructions to ensure that the seat has been properly installed.
  • NEVER carry your infant in your lap while you ride in a car.
  • For the first two years of a baby's life, car seats should face the rear of the vehicle. The safest location for the car seat is the middle of the back seat.
  • NEVER put the baby in the front passenger seat of cars, especially those with airbags. If you have a truck with no back seat, you should disengage the airbag while the baby's seat is in the car.
  • If you have questions about safety seats, call the Auto Safety Hotline at 1-888-327-4236 (1-888-DASH-2-DOT).

To minimize the risk that a child will accidentally be left behind in a car or get trapped inside:

  • Leave a purse, briefcase, or cell phone in the back seat. That way, you get in the habit of checking in the back seat before leaving the vehicle.
  • Make an arrangement with your child’s daycare to have them call you if the child doesn’t show up as expected.
  • Always lock your car and car trunk, even if the car is parked in the driveway at home, and always keep keys out of the reach of little ones.



Preventing Baby Falls

  • If you use an infant carrier, always place it on the floor, never on a counter or tabletop. Make sure if the baby is always strapped in.
  • Never leave your baby alone on a bed, couch, changing table, or infant seat from which he or she can fall or roll off. Even if looking away for a second, an accident can happen.

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Baby Safety, Smoking and Fire Safety

  • Do not smoke and do not allow smoking around your baby. Even smoking “outside” is harmful for the baby because clothing, hair and skin still carries smoke particles which affects the baby.
  • Install a working smoke alarm on every level of your home. Change the batteries of your smoke detectors every six months.
  • Have at least one fire extinguisher on every level of your home.
  • If your home uses gas heat, install a carbon monoxide detector.

Preventing Baby Burns

  • Do not hold hot liquids while holding your baby.
  • To prevent burns, do not microwave baby's bottle. Many microwaves heat unevenly, creating "hot spots" in your baby's formula that can burn your baby's mouth. Instead, warm the formula by running warm tap water over the bottle or submerging the bottle in a bowl of warm water. Shake the bottle well. Make sure you test the temperature on your hand or wrist before feeding it to your baby.
  • Keep your hot water heater's thermostat at no higher than 120 degrees Farenheit.

Preventing Baby Accidents

  • Keep sharp objects (knives, scissors, tools, razors) and other hazardous items (coins, glass objects, beads, pins, medications) in a secure place out of baby's reach.
  • NEVER shake a baby or throw your baby in the air. This can cause brain damage or blindness.
  • Do not leave your baby alone with a young sibling or a pet, even when your baby is sleeping.
  • Walkers are unsafe at any speed and at any age! Never put your child in a walker.
  • Make sure that your baby cannot pull lamps or other electrical objects on top of him or herself. Use electrical tape to secure electrical cords along baseboards.
  • Eliminate tablecloths that can be pulled from the table.
  • Make sure all drawers have stops, so that your baby or toddler can't pull the drawer out on top of himself.
  • Attach furniture to the wall so the pieces don’t fall over the child. Avoid electronics on top of higher dresser tables that can fall on the child.

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Baby Bathing Safety

  • Always test the bath water to make sure it is not too hot before setting your baby in the water. Dipping your elbow in the water is a good way to test.
  • Turn down your hot water heater to 120° F.
  • Never leave your baby unattended in the bathtub or bath ring. It only takes a few seconds for a baby to drown.
  • Store small appliances, such as hair dryers and radios, away from the water and bathing areas. Keep these appliances unplugged and out of reach when not in use.

Baby Toy Safety

  • Inspect your child's toys often. Be sure that toys are unbreakable, do not come apart, do not have small parts that could be chewed or broken off, and are not sharp. The pieces/toys should be larger than your baby's mouth.
  • Use toy chests without lids or with supports that hold a lid open in any position.
  • Be cautious with balloons to prevent choking.

Baby Choking or Strangulation Prevention

  • NEVER put strings or cords around your baby's neck (such as to hold a pacifier) or near baby's crib. Be cautious of strings or buttons on clothing; make sure they are not in danger of choking your baby.
  • Secure cords on blinds and drapes out of reach to prevent accidental strangulation.
  • Put away small objects -- even display items -- that can cause injury or choking if swallowed.

Baby Feeding Safety

  • Never prop up your baby's bottle and leave your baby unattended; your baby could choke. Do not put your baby to bed with a bottle.
  • Avoid giving your child raw carrots, unpeeled apples, nuts, hard candies, and other foods that present a choking hazard.
  • In a highchair, always use restraining straps that run around your child's waist and between his legs to keep him from sliding out.

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Baby Sleeping Safety

  • All infants should be put down for sleep on their backs to reduce the risk for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, also called SIDS.
  • Give your baby a pacifier before he goes to sleep. This reduces the chance of SIDS.
  • Avoid soft bedding that might suffocate your baby, such as pillows, blankets, plush toys, and bumpers in the crib.
  • Crib slats should be 2 3/8 inches apart or less so head can't get trapped.
  • Keep baby's room at a moderate temperature and dress them in a way that they can't overheat. This also reduces the risk of SIDS.
  • Share a bedroom with your newborn -- but not a bed.
  • Avoid devices marketed to reduce the risk of SIDS, such as sleep positioners.
  • Nursing your baby and making sure that your baby gets all of the recommended vaccines can help protect against SIDS.

Changing Table Safety

  • Use a sturdy table.
  • Always keep your hands and eyes on baby while he or she is on the changing table.
  • Keep supplies within easy reach.

Baby Crawling and Walking Safety

When your baby becomes mobile, here are important tips to keep your baby safe around your home:

  • Put electrical outlet covers on all outlets.
  • Secure electrical cords to baseboards.
  • Install safety gates securely in front of stairs and basement doors. Avoid gates with diamond-shaped slats, which provide footholds for climbing toddlers. Instead, use gates with straight, vertical slats and a swinging door.
  • Store cleaners and medications out of reach and in a locked cabinet. Never store toxic substances in bottles or jars that could be mistaken for food products.
  • If there is a swimming pool in your backyard or your neighborhood, make sure it is surrounded by a fence and has a gate that latches or locks. Better yet, never leave your child unattended when outdoors.
  • Keep your child away from moving machinery, including lawn mowers, overhead garage doors. Also keep kids away from driveways and streets.
  • Going outside? Keep your baby in the shade, if possible. Their skin is thinner and more sensitive. Cover them up with clothes and a hat, limit their time in the sun (especially between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m., when the sun is strongest), don’t let them get overheated, and get them out of the sun right away if they show any signs of sunburn or dehydration, including fussiness, redness, and excessive crying.
  • Install safety locks on cabinets.
  • Turn pot and pan handles on the stove in and cook on the back burners whenever possible.
  • Establish the area in front of the stove as off limits while you are cooking.
  • Keep the toilet lid down to prevent drowning and to keep the lid from slamming on your baby's head or hands. Consider installing toilet lid locks.
  • Cushion hard edges and sharp corners of furniture. If possible, move sharp-edged pieces of furniture away from high traffic areas.
  • Anchor down unsteady pieces of furniture, such as bookcases.

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Other Baby Safety Precautions

  • Consider taking a certified CPR class if you are not already certified. You can find out about these classes from your local Red Cross or American Heart Association chapter. You may want to post a demonstration chart near your phone. Your baby's caregivers should be CPR-certified.
  • Gather a list of emergency numbers and keep them by the phone. These numbers should include: your child's pediatrician, your health care provider, your family doctor, a 24-hour nurse-on-call number, the police department, the fire department, 911 reminder, and poison control.
  • If a poison is swallowed, call the poison control center (throughout the USA, call 1-800-222-1222-- American Association of Poison Control Centers.)
  • Keep poisonous house plants out of reach. For information about which plants are poisonous, contact your local county extension office.
  • Name a guardian for your child. In the unfortunate event that something happens to you or your spouse, it's a good idea to have a will that names a legal guardian and alternate guardian for your child. Without a will, the court may appoint a guardian you would not have chosen. Be sure to check with the individuals named in your will to make sure they are willing to serve as your child's guardian. In your will, you can also leave assets to your child in the form of a testamentary, or "after death" trust.
WebMD Medical Reference Reviewed by Dan Brennan, MD on September 10, 2015

Sources

SOURCES: 

Rachel Moon, MD, Children’s National Medical Center, Washington, D.C. 

News release, American Academy of Pediatrics. 

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 

National Health Information Center. 

The Mayo Clinic.

FDA: “Should You Put Sunscreen on Infants? Not Usually.”

Sources

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