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A Safe Backyard for Kids

Pool & Spa Hazards for Children

Drowning is a leading cause of death to children under age 5. And many drownings occur at home. Take these simple precautions:

  • Always supervise children who are in and around a pool or spa.
  • Have fences or walls at least four feet high completely around the pool. Gates should be self-closing and self-latching, open outwards, with latches out of reach of children.
  • Fences should be clear of objects that a child could use to climb over fence, such as BBQ grills and lawn chairs.
  • Keep rescue equipment by the pool, including a portable or mobile telephone.
  • Steps and ladders for aboveground pools should be secured or removed when the pool is not in use.
  • Use a cover for the pool when it is not in use.
  • Make sure drain covers are properly fitted and paired or have vacuum suction releases to prevent being trapped under water.
  • Consider installing a pool alarm that can alert if someone enters the pool.
  • Spa water temperatures should be set to 104 F or lower to avoid elevated body temperature, which could lead to drowsiness, unconsciousness, heat stroke, or death.

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Renee A. Alli, MD on 6/, 014
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