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Health & Parenting

Medical Reference Related to Health & Parenting

  1. Infant Formulas - Topic Overview

    What are infant formulas and what's in them?Infant formula is a nutritional product that is made from processed cow's milk or soybean products. Special processing makes cow's-milk formula more digestible and less likely to cause an allergic reaction than regular cow's milk.Vitamins and minerals are added to infant formula. Formula can be used to provide all of a baby's nutritional needs before the age of 4 to 6 months.Commercial formulas are made to be as similar to breast milk as possible. The safety and nutrient content of infant formula is regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). About half the calories in formula come from vegetable oils or a mixture of vegetable and animal fats. A baby's body requires fat for the production and growth of new cells and for high energy needs. Milk sugar (lactose) is the main source of carbohydrate in most cow's-milk formula, just as in breast milk.What types of formulas are there?Several types of infant formulas are available.

  2. Bottle-Feeding - Promoting Healthy Growth and Development

    Buying formula and suppliesTry to buy your formula and supplies before the baby is born. When you buy baby bottles and nipples, make sure you have a supply of small bottles [about ] for your baby's first few weeks. You may want to buy a variety of different bottle nipples so you can experiment to see which type your baby prefers. You can buy infant formula as a liquid concentrate or a powder that

  3. Bullying - Frequently Asked Questions

    Learning about bullying:What is bullying?How common is bullying?What are the consequences of bullying?What are the characteristics of children who bully?What are the characteristics of children who are bullied?Getting help for bullying:What can children do to stop bullying?How should children react if they are bullied?What can adults do to stop bullying?What can schools do to stop bullying? ...

  4. Healthy Eating: Helping Your Child Learn Healthy Eating Habits

    Childhood is the best time to learn the healthy habits that can last a lifetime. Healthy eating can help your child feel good,stay at a normal weight,and have lots of energy for school and play. In fact,healthy eating can help your whole family live better. What is healthy eating? Why are healthy eating habits important? How do you help your child learn healthy eating habits? Where to go ...

  5. Bottle-Feeding - What is Expected

    Usually your baby can begin bottle - feeding within hours after birth. Average feeding amounts will vary depending on your baby's age and how hungry he or she is at that moment.Average feeding amounts by baby's age Age of baby Formula feedings per 24 hours Amount of formula per feedingBirth to 2 weeks6 to 10 to 2 weeks to 1 month6 to 8 to 1 to 3 months5 to 6 to 3 to 6 months4 to 5 to 6 to 9 months

  6. Healthy Eating: Influences on Eating Behavior - Topic Overview

    Being aware of the factors that influence what and how much you eat can help you make informed eating choices. Food is everywhere. For most people,it is easy to find something to eat,especially unhealthy options. Routines. Plan to eat,and make family meals routine. Children benefit from the social skills,plus everyone gets a balanced meal. Marketing. Unhealthy foods can look fun,easy,...

  7. Repair of Choanal Atresia - Surgery Overview

    Choanal atresia (say "KOH - uh - nul uh - TREE - zhuh") is blockage by bone or tissue of the nasal passages (choana) leading from the back of the nose to the throat. The condition-present at birth in about 1 in 7, 000 babies-makes it impossible to breathe through the nose. Choanal atresia is diagnosed at birth when both passages are blocked. If only one passage is blocked, the diagnosis may be mad

  8. Caring for More Than One Baby - Topic Overview

    Caring for just one newborn is a big job. Raising more than one baby means even less sleep, more work, and less time for yourself. On some days, you may feel frustrated that you can't keep up with work at home. Do not wait for stress to become a problem before you ask for help. Your family, friends, and doctor can help you find ways to cope. Ways to copeBe a good planner. Buying supplies, getting your babies in and out of cars and strollers, and keeping track of what your babies have eaten or done can become overwhelming with more than one baby. Diapers, naps, nursing, and everything else that is part of your babies' lives can take over your life and keep you from taking care of yourself, if you let it. Charts and systems to stay organized and efficient will help you to cope. Get as much rest as you can. Do not feel guilty if you let chores go undone so that you can rest. Try to sleep when your babies are sleeping, rather than using that time to get chores done. If you are going to

  9. Helping Your Child Build Inner Strength - What Gives a Child Inner Strength?

    Experts say that the single most important thing that gives children inner strength is having parents or other adults who are positive and nurturing. Other things that help include: Cognitive skills,such as concentration,memory,and logical thinking. Social skills,such as behaving properly,showing love,and sharing. Self-control. Self-esteem. A stable environment with rules and ...

  10. Self-Esteem, Ages 6 to 10 - Topic Overview

    Every day, children ages 6 to 10 may face new challenges at home with their families and at school with their friends and teachers. At the end of one day, they may feel good about themselves. They have fun with their friends, have done well at school, and are happy at home. The next day, it may all fall apart if even one thing goes wrong. Many things influence children's self-esteem, which is a child's sense of worth and belonging. Such things include a child's nature or innate abilities, and how he or she is nurtured—the child's experience with parents, caregivers, and others. It is normal for self-esteem to rise and fall in cycles, from day to day and even hour to hour, as a child builds and then rebuilds his or her self-concept. Children who feel as though they are not good in at least one thing tend to be emotionally vulnerable.To help strengthen and support healthy self-esteem in your child:Help your child learn how to make and keep friends. Healthy friendships are important,

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