Make Sure Your Baby Is Sleeping Safely While You're At Work
Aug. 7, 2000 -- Here's one more thing for working mothers and fathers to worry about: A new study suggests that a significant number of the babies who die of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) do so while in the care of someone other than their parents. But experts say there's a simple way to ensure your child stays safe: Just make sure your day care provider knows to always put the baby to sleep on his or her back.
Putting babies to sleep on their stomachs is a major risk factor for SIDS, also known as crib death. Public awareness of this danger has increased dramatically in recent years, thanks in part to media campaigns that emphasize putting babies to sleep on their backs. But the study, published in the journal Pediatrics, suggests many child care providers are not getting the message.
"What we've found is that child care providers many times don't know that the back is the best position," study author Rachel Moon, MD, of Children's National Medical Center in Washington, tells WebMD. "Just as you would talk to the child care provider about what to feed the baby or what diapers to use on the baby, you need to talk to them about sleep position as well."
SIDS is the leading cause of death in the first year of life, affecting about 5,000 babies in the U.S. each year. Most SIDS deaths occur before 4 months of age. The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development says African-American babies are two to three times more likely than white babies to die of SIDS, and Native American babies are about three times more likely.
In addition to sleeping face-down, other risk factors for SIDS include smoking in the home, overheating or overbundling the infant during sleep, and prematurity or low birthweight.
In Moon's survey of close to 2,000 babies who died of SIDS, 20% died while in day care, either in a center or in a home where a relative or other person was providing the child care -- a percentage the researchers call "disproportionatelyhigh, considering the number of infants reportedly in child care." Babies who died of SIDS in day care were more likely to be white; born to older, well-educated mothers; and have no history of exposure to secondhand smoke. The majority of deaths occurred during the week, between the hours of 8 a.m. and 4 p.m.
Compared with infants who died at home, infants who died in child care were twice as likely to be found on their stomachs, and were five times as likely to have been placed on their stomachs before their deaths. The survey also found that 82% of infants who died during their first week in child care were found on their stomachs.