Jan. 16, 2008 -- Talking to your children about sex can be embarrassing, awkward, and uncomfortable. Just the thought of having this talk is enough to make many parents blush. But not having it may be setting your children up for serious problems down the road -- including teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases -- say leading psychoanalysts at the annual meeting of the American Psychoanalytic Association in New York City.
"Many people aren't talking to their kids about sex. Or they feel very conflicted about talking to their kids about sex and they have their own personal conflicts which get into the mix," explains psychoanalyst Gail Saltz, MD, an associate professor of psychiatry at the New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell School of Medicine.
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"Parents still struggle for ways to talk about this all-important material, but they really have no choice because it is so prevalent," she says. "The current media is very glorifying of sexualized material, and today's children have Paris Hilton, Lindsay Lohan, and Britney Spears as role models," she says.
To make sure your children get the right message about sex and sexuality, follow these tips:
Tip No. 1: Start Young and Go Slow
"When children are aged 3 to 5 they will start talking about body parts and babies," says New York City psychoanalyst Leon Hoffman, MD, the director of the Pacella Parent Child Center. Now is a good time to start having the conversation. "Answer their questions and don't elaborate with more details then they are ready to hear."
Tip No. 2: Never Use Pet Names for Body Parts
"Parents refer to a sexual organ as 'down there' or 'that place' and that leaves children with confusion, and they grow into women who need help with sexual dysfunction," Saltz says. Or "a child may go to a doctor or nurse and say 'I have a problem with my woo-woo,' and no one knows what she is talking about and they laugh." To avoid this, use the correct terminology and explain what it is and what it does. "Say 'this is your vulva or vagina or penis' from the get-go."