Cancer Signs in Teens Often Overlooked
Adolescents, Young Adults Don't Feel Their Cancer Symptoms Are Taken Seriously, Study Shows
Cancer in Teens: U.S. Experience Similar continued...
Young people aged 15 to 24 account for less than 2% of all cancer cases
worldwide, Pearce says.
For the new study, Pearce and colleagues interviewed the young adults two to
four months after they were diagnosed with cancer. They also analyzed the
medical notes of each participant.
The study showed that time between when the first symptoms appeared to
diagnosis ranged from eight weeks to 11 years.
Before the correct diagnosis was made, doctors told patients that it “was
normal to feel tired, that symptoms were due to menstrual problems, fluid on
the knee, irritable bowel syndrome, excess weight, or lack of exercise,” Pearce
Cancer in Teens: Case Reports
In one case, a young woman “thought she was going mad” after three months of
headaches and 12 visits to doctors, Pearce says. Finally, after breaking down
and crying at her doctor's office, she was referred to a specialist and found
to be suffering from neuroblastoma, a cancer of the nerve tissue.
In another case, a 22-year-old woman had symptoms such as frequent diarrhea,
abdominal pain, and rectal bleeding for nine or 10 years before she was
diagnosed with colon cancer that had spread to the liver.
The woman has since died.
“She felt quite strongly that if she had been 40 or 50, her symptoms would
have been picked up on at a very early stage and she would have been fine, but
lots of cues were missed because nobody was thinking that she could have colon
cancer,” Pearce said.
In another case, a 23-year-old woman was diagnosed with ovarian cancer 10
months after her symptoms first appeared. In the interview, she said: “I wish
they had just listened to me in the beginning. I’d like them more aware so you
can’t just be shoved away out the door. It’s your life ... it’s your whole
world they are talking about and they are not taking it seriously.”
For his part, Jay Wheeler wishes he had been more assertive when speaking
with his doctors.
Reaman agrees that being firm can help. “Symptoms, even nonspecific
symptoms, that persist require a more in-depth evaluation, and young adults may
need to be assertive about asking for one,” he says.
Among the nonspecific symptoms that can signal cancer:
- Bone pain
- Weight loss
- Generally not feeling well
Reaman stresses that these symptoms are usually just a sign of a benign
condition. But if they persist, have them checked out, he says.