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    Drugs, Gangs on the Rise in Schools

    Survey Shows Increase in Gang Activity and Drug Use in Nation's Schools
    By
    WebMD Health News
    Reviewed by Laura J. Martin, MD

    Aug. 20, 2010 -- The nation's public schools earn a failing grade when it comes to protecting teens from drugs and gang activity, a nationwide survey suggests.

    About one in four surveyed teens attending public schools reported the presence of both gangs and drugs at their schools, and 32% of 12- and 13-year-old middle school children said drugs were used, kept, or sold on school grounds -- a 39% increase in just one year.

    The findings suggest that as many as 5.7 million public school children in the U.S. attend schools with both drugs and gangs.

    Former U.S. secretary of Health, Education and Welfare Joseph Califano Jr. calls drugs and gang activity a cancer on the nation's public schools.

    "It is just outrageous," he tells WebMD. "It is nothing less than state-sanctioned child abuse to require parents to send their kids to schools where drugs and gangs are present."

    Califano directs the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA), which conducts the annual back-to-school survey of teen and parent attitudes on drug and alcohol abuse.

    Survey: Gangs Are Everywhere

    For the first time this year, the 12- to 17-year-olds who participated in the survey were asked about the presence of gangs at their school. Among the findings:

    • 46% of public school students, but just 2% of private and religious school students, said there were gangs at their school.
    • Compared to teens in schools without gangs, those in schools with gangs were nearly twice as likely to report that drugs were available and used at school (30% vs. 58%).
    • Compared to teens attending schools without gangs and drugs, teens attending schools with drugs and gangs were 12 times more likely to have tried cigarettes, five times as likely to have used marijuana, and three times more likely to have used alcohol.

    Califano says gangs have spread far beyond their traditional urban settings of New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles. They are now found in much smaller cities and suburbs and even rural areas.

    Gang expert Carter Smith agrees that gangs are a growing problem in places where they have not been recognized before.

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