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    Facebook: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly

    Social Networking's Impact on Kids' Psychological Health

    Now, the Cons

    In a 2009 survey of 1,030 parents, Rosen and colleagues found that children and teens that spent more time engaged in media (online and off) had more anxiety, more stomachaches, and more sick days from school.

    In preteens and teens, time spent playing video games was also linked to poorer health, Rosen says.

    The associations were true even after taking into account some factors that can affect health, including demographics, eating habits, and exercise.

    In another ongoing, exploratory survey of 777 teens and young adults, Rosen found that spending more time than average on Facebook was associated with signs of narcissism, anxiety, and bipolar disorder on a standard psychological test.

    In another 2011 study, 279 middle school, high school, and university students lost focus for an average of three minutes for every 15 minutes spent studying or doing another task.

    And checking Facebook just once during the 15-minute period was associated with lower grades.

    That's not surprising, he says, given that a recent survey by Wakefield Research suggested that 73% of college students can’t study without some form of technology, and 38% cannot go more than 10 minutes without checking their laptop, phone, or other media.

    Tips for Parents

    Rosen embraces the TALK model of parenting: Trust, Access, Learn, "K"ommunicate.

    "You have to start talking about appropriate technology use early and often and build trust, so that when there is a problem, whether it is being bullied or seeing a disturbing image, your child will talk to you about it," he says.

    When talking with your kids, sit on the floor so you’re on the same level, he advises. "Then, you talk for 5 minutes and they talk for 15 minutes," Rosen says.

    Don't know what to ask? "Just ask what new technology they heard about this week. Chances are they have heard about something," he says.

    Other tips:

    1. Set rules and limits on technology use and behavior.

    2. Ask the children/students for their thoughts and ideas about these rules and limits.

    3. Set consequences for violations in advance. Consequences must be minor and then escalate if needed. Try behavioral contracts.

    These findings were presented at a medical conference. They should be considered preliminary as they have not yet undergone the "peer review" process, in which outside experts scrutinize the data prior to publication in a medical journal.

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