Parkinson's disease, as with many chronic illnesses, will affect you both physically and mentally. It is important to realize that you are not alone. If you need help coping with Parkinson's disease, consider seeking counseling.
The decision to seek counseling is an important step. Too often, people don't get help because they feel guilt, shame, or embarrassment. By deciding to get help, you have made a choice to feel better and to improve your life. Counseling services should be chosen with care to meet your needs. By working with a trained mental health care provider and your doctor, you can develop the right treatment plan.
Parkinson's disease, which mostly affects older people but can even occur in younger adults, results from the gradual degeneration of nerve cells in the portion of the midbrain that controls body movements. The first signs are likely to be barely noticeable -- a feeling of weakness or stiffness in one limb, or a fine trembling of one hand when it is at rest. Eventually, the shaking (tremor) worsens and spreads, muscles become stiffer, movements slow down, and balance and coordination deteriorate...
First, you and your doctor should review how you and those around you are coping with your illness. It is very important to realize that the physical symptoms and disabilities caused by Parkinson's disease can have a major impact on your mental outlook and health as well as the mental health of those around you.
The biochemical changes occurring in the brain with Parkinson's disease can lead to depression. Depression is a real part of the disease as much as tremor or slowness of movement. In some people, medical treatment of the depression is necessary.
If you are feeling depressed, your doctor may refer you to a mental health provider who will conduct an assessment, or a review of your mental health. Mental health specialists include family therapists, social workers, psychologists, psychiatrists, and other professionals.
The assessment is used to diagnose the problem and determine the best treatment. You will be asked to describe any symptoms you have had (emotional, mental, and physical) and your medical history. You may be given a question-and-answer survey.
What Happens After the Assessment?
Once you complete the assessment, a treatment plan can be chosen. At this time, you and your counselor can discuss:
The best type of counseling.
The best setting for counseling (counselor's office, outpatient clinic, hospital, residential treatment center).
Who will be included in your treatment (you alone, family members, others with similar problems).
The following list briefly describes common types of counseling. These can be used together or alone, depending on your treatment plan.
Crisis intervention counseling. In cases of emergency (such as initial despair over diagnosis), the counselor will help you get through the crisis and refer you to further counseling or medical care, if needed. These services are provided by community health agencies, helplines, and hotlines.
Individual counseling. This is where you meet one-on-one with a counselor. Counseling often takes place in the privacy of the counselor's office. This type of counseling works well when problems come mainly from you and your thinking patterns and behaviors. Also, some problems are very personal and difficult to confront with others present. If you are experiencing depression, anxiety, or grief in dealing with your Parkinson's this type of counseling may be appropriate.