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Parkinson's Disease Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Parkinson's Disease

  1. Parkinson's Disease: Eating and Drooling Problems - Topic Overview

    Parkinson's disease can change many of the muscles used for speech, chewing, and swallowing. Changes in these muscles may cause:Weight loss and nutrition problems.Slow eating.Fatigue during eating.Food sticking in the throat.Coughing or choking on food or liquids.Trouble swallowing saliva, which causes drooling.Trouble swallowing pills.But there are things you can do to help reduce eating and drooling problems. A speech-language pathologist (also called a speech therapist) can teach you exercises and show you other ways to help with eating, swallowing, and drooling.Eating problemsYou can reduce eating problems by changing how and what you eat.Sit upright when eating, drinking, and taking pills.Take small bites of food, chew completely, and swallow before taking another bite.Take small sips of liquid, and hold them in your mouth as you prepare to swallow.If eating is tiring, divide food into smaller but more frequent meals.Thicker drinks make swallowing easier. Try milk shakes or

  2. Parkinson's Disease and Freezing - Topic Overview

    Freezing (sometimes called motor block) is a sudden,brief inability to start movement or to continue rhythmic,repeated movements,such as finger-tapping,writing,or walking. Freezing most often affects walking,but it also can affect speech,writing,and the person's ability to open and close his or her eyes. It tends to develop later in the course of the disease. Freezing can be very ...

  3. Parkinson's Disease and Tremors - Topic Overview

    The tremor of Parkinson's disease is not always severe,but it may affect many of your daily activities. To help control tremor in your hand or arm when you are trying to use the hand,press the affected elbow against your body to stabilize your upper arm and then perform the movement. Wearing a rigid brace across a joint or putting a little weight on the hand may help to reduce tremor and ...

  4. Parkinson's Disease - Topic Overview

    Parkinson's Disease affects the way you move and occurs when certain nerve cells in the brain don't produce enough dopamine.

  5. Parkinson's Disease - Exams and Tests

    A diagnosis of Parkinson's disease is based on your medical history and a thorough neurological exam. There are no lab tests that can diagnose Parkinson's disease.

  6. Parkinson's Disease: Other Symptoms - Topic Overview

    Most people know that Parkinson's disease is a condition that affects how you move. But the breakdown of nerve cells in Parkinson's disease can cause other symptoms. These other symptoms,also called "non-motor" symptoms,include: Constipation. This is a common problem,mostly related to the breakdown of the nerve cells that control involuntary body functions (the autonomic nervous system ). ...

  7. Parkinson's Disease - What Happens

    What happens to a person with Parkinson's disease may vary from person to person. Symptoms of Parkinson's disease typically begin appearing between the ages 50 and 60.

  8. Parkinson's Disease and Nutrition - Topic Overview

    Most people with Parkinson's disease can eat the same healthy,balanced diet recommended for anyone. This includes plenty of fruits,vegetables,grains,cereals,legumes,poultry,fish,lean meats,and low-fat dairy products. Early in the disease,it might be helpful to take pills with food to help with nausea,which may be caused by some medicines. Later in the disease,taking the medicines ...

  9. Parkinson-Plus Syndromes - Topic Overview

    Parkinson-plus syndromes are a group of neurological conditions that are similar to Parkinson's disease but have unique characteristics. These syndromes can be hard to diagnose because the symptoms mimic other conditions. Following are the four most common types of Parkinson-plus syndromes. Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) PSP is a rare disorder that,like Parkinson's disease,causes ...

  10. Pallidotomy (Posteroventral Pallidotomy) for Parkinson's Disease

    In Parkinson's disease, a part of the brain called the globus pallidus is overactive, which causes a decrease in the activity of a different part of the brain that controls movement.In a pallidotomy, the surgeon destroys a tiny part of the globus pallidus

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