Parkinson's Disease - Surgery
Some surgeries for Parkinson's disease, such as pallidotomy and thalamotomy, are hardly performed anymore. Neurotransplantation is a Parkinson's disease surgery that is still experimental.
Thalamotomy for Parkinson's Disease
Thalamotomy is the precise destruction of a tiny area of the brain called the thalamus that controls some involuntary movements.
Parkinson's Disease and Tremors - Topic Overview
The tremor of Parkinson's disease is not always severe,but it may affect many of your daily activities. To help control tremor in your hand or arm when you are trying to use the hand,press the affected elbow against your body to stabilize your upper arm and then perform the movement. Wearing a rigid brace across a joint or putting a little weight on the hand may help to reduce tremor and ...
Parkinson's Disease: Eating and Drooling Problems - Topic Overview
Parkinson's disease can change many of the muscles used for speech, chewing, and swallowing. Changes in these muscles may cause:Weight loss and nutrition problems.Slow eating.Fatigue during eating.Food sticking in the throat.Coughing or choking on food or liquids.Trouble swallowing saliva, which causes drooling.Trouble swallowing pills.But there are things you can do to help reduce eating and drooling problems. A speech-language pathologist (also called a speech therapist) can teach you exercises and show you other ways to help with eating, swallowing, and drooling.Eating problemsYou can reduce eating problems by changing how and what you eat.Sit upright when eating, drinking, and taking pills.Take small bites of food, chew completely, and swallow before taking another bite.Take small sips of liquid, and hold them in your mouth as you prepare to swallow.If eating is tiring, divide food into smaller but more frequent meals.Thicker drinks make swallowing easier. Try milk shakes or
Parkinson's Disease and Sexual Problems - Topic Overview
Problems with sexual function in people with Parkinson's disease are common. Muscle stiffness and movement may make sexual activity difficult. Depression or anxiety may result in a loss of interest in sex or,in men,erection problems. These often can be improved by treatment with medicine. Parkinson's disease can affect the nerves that control the sexual organs. This may cause difficulty in ...
Parkinson's Disease and Exercise - Topic Overview
Exercise is an important part of home treatment for people with Parkinson's disease. It has benefits in both early and advanced stages of the disease. Regular exercise can help you: Maintain muscle strength and improve coordination. Maintain and increase endurance. Improve flexibility and range of motion. Improve cardiovascular fitness. Control weight. Reduce the likelihood of becoming ...
Parkinson's Disease Guide - What Increases Your Risk
Advancing age is the only known risk factor for typical Parkinson's disease. A very small number of people with Parkinson's have a close relative with the disease.
Tremor - Home Treatment
Stress reduction can sometimes help to reduce tremors. For more information, see the topic Stress Management.Add a little weight to your hand by wearing a heavy bracelet or watch or holding something in your hand. This may reduce some tremors and restore more control to your hands.Drink beverages from half - filled cups or glasses, and use a straw.Get enough rest and sleep. Fatigue often makes a .
Pallidotomy (Posteroventral Pallidotomy) for Parkinson's Disease
In Parkinson's disease, a part of the brain called the globus pallidus is overactive, which causes a decrease in the activity of a different part of the brain that controls movement.In a pallidotomy, the surgeon destroys a tiny part of the globus pallidus
Parkinson's Disease: Levodopa Versus Dopamine Agonists - Topic Overview
No known treatment can stop or reverse the breakdown of nerve cells that causes Parkinson's disease. But medicine can relieve many symptoms of the disease.Treatment is different for every person. And the type of treatment you will need may change as the disease progresses. Your age, work status, family, and living situation can all affect decisions about when to begin treatment, what types of treatment to use, and when to make changes in treatment. As your medical condition changes, you may need regular adjustments in your treatment to balance quality-of-life issues, side effects of treatment, and treatment costs.The decision to start taking medicine, and which medicine to take, will be different for each person with Parkinson's disease. Your doctor will be able to help you make these choices.For many years, levodopa has been the drug of choice for treating Parkinson's disease. Although many newer drugs have been developed, including the dopamine agonists (for example,