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Parkinson's Disease Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Parkinson's Disease

  1. Parkinson's Disease: Eating and Drooling Problems - Topic Overview

    Parkinson's disease can change many of the muscles used for speech, chewing, and swallowing. Changes in these muscles may cause:Weight loss and nutrition problems.Slow eating.Fatigue during eating.Food sticking in the throat.Coughing or choking on food or liquids.Trouble swallowing saliva, which causes drooling.Trouble swallowing pills.But there are things you can do to help reduce eating and drooling problems. A speech-language pathologist (also called a speech therapist) can teach you exercises and show you other ways to help with eating, swallowing, and drooling.Eating problemsYou can reduce eating problems by changing how and what you eat.Sit upright when eating, drinking, and taking pills.Take small bites of food, chew completely, and swallow before taking another bite.Take small sips of liquid, and hold them in your mouth as you prepare to swallow.If eating is tiring, divide food into smaller but more frequent meals.Thicker drinks make swallowing easier. Try milk shakes or

  2. Anticholinergic Agents for Parkinson's Disease

    Drug details for Anticholinergic agents for Parkinson's disease.

  3. Parkinson's Disease: Levodopa Versus Dopamine Agonists - Topic Overview

    No known treatment can stop or reverse the breakdown of nerve cells that causes Parkinson's disease. But medicine can relieve many symptoms of the disease.Treatment is different for every person. And the type of treatment you will need may change as the disease progresses. Your age, work status, family, and living situation can all affect decisions about when to begin treatment, what types of treatment to use, and when to make changes in treatment. As your medical condition changes, you may need regular adjustments in your treatment to balance quality-of-life issues, side effects of treatment, and treatment costs.The decision to start taking medicine, and which medicine to take, will be different for each person with Parkinson's disease. Your doctor will be able to help you make these choices.For many years, levodopa has been the drug of choice for treating Parkinson's disease. Although many newer drugs have been developed, including the dopamine agonists (for example,

  4. Tremor - Home Treatment

    Stress reduction can sometimes help to reduce tremors. For more information, see the topic Stress Management.Add a little weight to your hand by wearing a heavy bracelet or watch or holding something in your hand. This may reduce some tremors and restore more control to your hands.Drink beverages from half - filled cups or glasses, and use a straw.Get enough rest and sleep. Fatigue often makes a .

  5. Parkinson's Disease: Movement Problems From Levodopa - Topic Overview

    Movement problems (motor fluctuations) are the most common complication of long-term levodopa use. The majority of people who take levodopa develop these problems within 5 to 10 years. The main types of levodopa-related motor fluctuations include: The wearing-off effect. Wearing-off periods occur when the effects of a single dose of levodopa do not last as long as they used to. Control of ...

  6. Parkinson's Disease: Modifying Your Activities and Your Home - Topic Overview

    When you have Parkinson's disease, you may find that making simple changes to your home and in your daily activities can help you stay independent for a longer time. Make daily activities simplerSimplifying your daily activities may help you to save your energy for activities that really demand it. It also may help to adjust your daily schedule so that your routine is less stressful or tiring.Physical therapists, occupational therapists, other people who have the disease, and the people who care for them may be good sources of help and support.Make simple changes to your homeIf you have trouble moving around or become tired easily, it also may help to make a few changes in your home.Change the location of furniture so that you can hold on to something as you move around the house.Use specially modified chairs that make it easier to sit down and stand up.Group the items you use most often (such as reading glasses, keys, and the telephone) in one easy-to-reach place.Tack down rugs to

  7. Tremor - Topic Overview

    Tremor is an involuntary shaking movement that is repeated over and over. Although it may affect any part of the body, tremor most often affects the hands and head. Occasionally the feet or torso may also shake.Essential tremor, which sometimes runs in families, is one of the most common types of tremor. It is shaking that is most noticeable when you are doing something like lifting a cup or ...

  8. COMT Inhibitors for Parkinson's Disease

    Drug details for COMT inhibitors for Parkinson's disease.

  9. Parkinson's Disease Guide - What Increases Your Risk

    Advancing age is the only known risk factor for typical Parkinson's disease. A very small number of people with Parkinson's have a close relative with the disease.

  10. Parkinson's Disease - Topic Overview

    Parkinson's Disease affects the way you move and occurs when certain nerve cells in the brain don't produce enough dopamine.

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