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    Parkinson's Disease Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to Parkinson's Disease

    1. Tremor - Topic Overview

      Tremor is an involuntary shaking movement that is repeated over and over. Although it may affect any part of the body, tremor most often affects the hands and head. Occasionally the feet or torso may also shake.Essential tremor, which sometimes runs in families, is one of the most common types of tremor. It is shaking that is most noticeable when you are doing something like lifting a cup or ...

    2. Tremor - Topic Overview

      Essential tremor differs from the tremor caused by Parkinson's disease in the following ways: Essential tremor may affect the head and voice. Head tremor is uncommon in early Parkinson's disease. Essential tremor is almost always worse when the affected part of the body is in motion than when it is at rest. Tremor associated with Parkinson's disease generally decreases or disappears when the ...

    3. Thalamotomy for Parkinson's Disease

      Thalamotomy is the precise destruction of a tiny area of the brain called the thalamus that controls some involuntary movements.

    4. Tremor - Topic Overview

      When you have Parkinson's disease, you may find that making simple changes to your home and in your daily activities can help you stay independent for a longer time. Make daily activities simplerSimplifying your daily activities may help you to save your energy for activities that really demand it. It also may help to adjust your daily schedule so that your routine is less stressful or tiring.Physical therapists, occupational therapists, other people who have the disease, and the people who care for them may be good sources of help and support.Make simple changes to your homeIf you have trouble moving around or become tired easily, it also may help to make a few changes in your home.Change the location of furniture so that you can hold on to something as you move around the house.Use specially modified chairs that make it easier to sit down and stand up.Group the items you use most often (such as reading glasses, keys, and the telephone) in one easy-to-reach place.Tack down rugs to

    5. Tremor - Topic Overview

      A detailed neurological exam should be part of a standard physical exam to diagnose Parkinson's disease and to separate Parkinson's disease from other conditions. Your family doctor or general practitioner can do this. Or you may be referred to a neurologist,which is a doctor who specializes in disorders of the nervous system (brain,spinal cord,peripheral nerves,and muscles). During this ...

    6. Pallidotomy (Posteroventral Pallidotomy) for Parkinson's Disease

      In Parkinson's disease, a part of the brain called the globus pallidus is overactive, which causes a decrease in the activity of a different part of the brain that controls movement.In a pallidotomy, the surgeon destroys a tiny part of the globus pallidus

    7. Parkinson's Disease - Topic Overview

      No known treatment can stop or reverse the breakdown of nerve cells that causes Parkinson's disease. But medicine can relieve many symptoms of the disease.Treatment is different for every person. And the type of treatment you will need may change as the disease progresses. Your age, work status, family, and living situation can all affect decisions about when to begin treatment, what types of treatment to use, and when to make changes in treatment. As your medical condition changes, you may need regular adjustments in your treatment to balance quality-of-life issues, side effects of treatment, and treatment costs.The decision to start taking medicine, and which medicine to take, will be different for each person with Parkinson's disease. Your doctor will be able to help you make these choices.For many years, levodopa has been the drug of choice for treating Parkinson's disease. Although many newer drugs have been developed, including the dopamine agonists (for example,

    8. Tremor - When to Call a Doctor

      Call your doctor if:You suddenly develop a tremor or if an existing tremor becomes worse.Shaking interferes with your ability to do daily activities or keeps you from taking part in social events.You think that tremor may be a side effect of a medication. ...

    9. Parkinson's Disease - Topic Overview

      Parkinson's disease can change many of the muscles used for speech, chewing, and swallowing. Changes in these muscles may cause:Weight loss and nutrition problems.Slow eating.Fatigue during eating.Food sticking in the throat.Coughing or choking on food or liquids.Trouble swallowing saliva, which causes drooling.Trouble swallowing pills.But there are things you can do to help reduce eating and drooling problems. A speech-language pathologist (also called a speech therapist) can teach you exercises and show you other ways to help with eating, swallowing, and drooling.Eating problemsYou can reduce eating problems by changing how and what you eat.Sit upright when eating, drinking, and taking pills.Take small bites of food, chew completely, and swallow before taking another bite.Take small sips of liquid, and hold them in your mouth as you prepare to swallow.If eating is tiring, divide food into smaller but more frequent meals.Thicker drinks make swallowing easier. Try milk shakes or

    10. Tremor - Topic Overview

      The tremor of Parkinson's disease is not always severe,but it may affect many of your daily activities. To help control tremor in your hand or arm when you are trying to use the hand,press the affected elbow against your body to stabilize your upper arm and then perform the movement. Wearing a rigid brace across a joint or putting a little weight on the hand may help to reduce tremor and ...

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