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Parkinson's Disease Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Parkinson's Disease

  1. Tremor - Topic Overview

    Parkinson-plus syndromes are a group of neurological conditions that are similar to Parkinson's disease but have unique characteristics. These syndromes can be hard to diagnose because the symptoms mimic other conditions. Following are the four most common types of Parkinson-plus syndromes. Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) PSP is a rare disorder that,like Parkinson's disease,causes ...

  2. Tremor - Topic Overview

    Exercise is an important part of home treatment for people with Parkinson's disease. It has benefits in both early and advanced stages of the disease. Regular exercise can help you: Maintain muscle strength and improve coordination. Maintain and increase endurance. Improve flexibility and range of motion. Improve cardiovascular fitness. Control weight. Reduce the likelihood of becoming ...

  3. Tremor - Topic Overview

    A detailed neurological exam should be part of a standard physical exam to diagnose Parkinson's disease and to separate Parkinson's disease from other conditions. Your family doctor or general practitioner can do this. Or you may be referred to a neurologist,which is a doctor who specializes in disorders of the nervous system (brain,spinal cord,peripheral nerves,and muscles). During this ...

  4. Tremor - Topic Overview

    No known treatment can stop or reverse the breakdown of nerve cells that causes Parkinson's disease. But medicine can relieve many symptoms of the disease.Treatment is different for every person. And the type of treatment you will need may change as the disease progresses. Your age, work status, family, and living situation can all affect decisions about when to begin treatment, what types of treatment to use, and when to make changes in treatment. As your medical condition changes, you may need regular adjustments in your treatment to balance quality-of-life issues, side effects of treatment, and treatment costs.The decision to start taking medicine, and which medicine to take, will be different for each person with Parkinson's disease. Your doctor will be able to help you make these choices.For many years, levodopa has been the drug of choice for treating Parkinson's disease. Although many newer drugs have been developed, including the dopamine agonists (for example,

  5. Tremor - Topic Overview

    Parkinson's disease can affect the muscles of the lips,tongue,throat,voice box (larynx),and lungs,all of which are involved in producing speech. Stiff,slow muscles in these areas may lead to: Low voice volume or soft speech. Imprecise speech sounds. Speaking too fast or too slow. Monotonous voice. Hoarseness. A speech therapist (also called a speech-language pathologist) can help you ...

  6. Tremor - Topic Overview

    Parkinson's disease and parkinsonism Parkinson's disease is named for Dr. James Parkinson,who in 1817 first described the features of this illness. Features of Parkinson's disease include tremor,slow movement (bradykinesia),and rigid muscles (rigidity). People with parkinsonism may have Parkinson's disease or another illness with similar symptoms. Other conditions and diseases that cause ...

  7. Deep Brain Stimulation

    Deep brain stimulation uses electrical impulses to stimulate a target area in the brain. The stimulation affects movement by altering the activity in that area of the brain. The procedure does not destroy any brain tissue, and stimulation can be stopped at any time by turning off the device that supplies the electrical impulses. Surgery is required to implant the equipment that produces the ...

  8. Tremor - Topic Overview

    Movement problems (motor fluctuations) are the most common complication of long-term levodopa use. The majority of people who take levodopa develop these problems within 5 to 10 years. The main types of levodopa-related motor fluctuations include: The wearing-off effect. Wearing-off periods occur when the effects of a single dose of levodopa do not last as long as they used to. Control of ...

  9. Tremor - Topic Overview

    Parkinson's disease can change many of the muscles used for speech, chewing, and swallowing. Changes in these muscles may cause:Weight loss and nutrition problems.Slow eating.Fatigue during eating.Food sticking in the throat.Coughing or choking on food or liquids.Trouble swallowing saliva, which causes drooling.Trouble swallowing pills.But there are things you can do to help reduce eating and drooling problems. A speech-language pathologist (also called a speech therapist) can teach you exercises and show you other ways to help with eating, swallowing, and drooling.Eating problemsYou can reduce eating problems by changing how and what you eat.Sit upright when eating, drinking, and taking pills.Take small bites of food, chew completely, and swallow before taking another bite.Take small sips of liquid, and hold them in your mouth as you prepare to swallow.If eating is tiring, divide food into smaller but more frequent meals.Thicker drinks make swallowing easier. Try milk shakes or

  10. Parkinson's Disease Patient Education Center

    Resources about Parkinson's disease, including interactive tools, message boards, and clinical trials.

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