Parkinson's Disease: Modifying Your Activities and Your Home - Topic Overview
When you have Parkinson's disease, you may find that making simple changes to your home and in your daily activities can help you stay independent for a longer time. Make daily activities simplerSimplifying your daily activities may help you to save your energy for activities that really demand it. It also may help to adjust your daily schedule so that your routine is less stressful or tiring.Physical therapists, occupational therapists, other people who have the disease, and the people who care for them may be good sources of help and support.Make simple changes to your homeIf you have trouble moving around or become tired easily, it also may help to make a few changes in your home.Change the location of furniture so that you can hold on to something as you move around the house.Use specially modified chairs that make it easier to sit down and stand up.Group the items you use most often (such as reading glasses, keys, and the telephone) in one easy-to-reach place.Tack down rugs to
Parkinson's Disease: Levodopa Versus Dopamine Agonists - Topic Overview
No known treatment can stop or reverse the breakdown of nerve cells that causes Parkinson's disease. But medicine can relieve many symptoms of the disease.Treatment is different for every person. And the type of treatment you will need may change as the disease progresses. Your age, work status, family, and living situation can all affect decisions about when to begin treatment, what types of treatment to use, and when to make changes in treatment. As your medical condition changes, you may need regular adjustments in your treatment to balance quality-of-life issues, side effects of treatment, and treatment costs.The decision to start taking medicine, and which medicine to take, will be different for each person with Parkinson's disease. Your doctor will be able to help you make these choices.For many years, levodopa has been the drug of choice for treating Parkinson's disease. Although many newer drugs have been developed, including the dopamine agonists (for example,
Parkinson's Disease and Exercise - Topic Overview
Exercise is an important part of home treatment for people with Parkinson's disease. It has benefits in both early and advanced stages of the disease. Regular exercise can help you: Maintain muscle strength and improve coordination. Maintain and increase endurance. Improve flexibility and range of motion. Improve cardiovascular fitness. Control weight. Reduce the likelihood of becoming ...
Parkinson's Disease and Speech Problems - Topic Overview
Parkinson's disease can affect the muscles of the lips,tongue,throat,voice box (larynx),and lungs,all of which are involved in producing speech. Stiff,slow muscles in these areas may lead to: Low voice volume or soft speech. Imprecise speech sounds. Speaking too fast or too slow. Monotonous voice. Hoarseness. A speech therapist (also called a speech-language pathologist) can help you ...
Parkinson's Disease: Classification - Topic Overview
Parkinson's disease and parkinsonism Parkinson's disease is named for Dr. James Parkinson,who in 1817 first described the features of this illness. Features of Parkinson's disease include tremor,slow movement (bradykinesia),and rigid muscles (rigidity). People with parkinsonism may have Parkinson's disease or another illness with similar symptoms. Other conditions and diseases that cause ...
Deep Brain Stimulation
Deep brain stimulation uses electrical impulses to stimulate a target area in the brain. The stimulation affects movement by altering the activity in that area of the brain. The procedure does not destroy any brain tissue, and stimulation can be stopped at any time by turning off the device that supplies the electrical impulses. Surgery is required to implant the equipment that produces the ...
Parkinson's Disease and Tremors - Topic Overview
The tremor of Parkinson's disease is not always severe,but it may affect many of your daily activities. To help control tremor in your hand or arm when you are trying to use the hand,press the affected elbow against your body to stabilize your upper arm and then perform the movement. Wearing a rigid brace across a joint or putting a little weight on the hand may help to reduce tremor and ...
Pallidotomy (Posteroventral Pallidotomy) for Parkinson's Disease
In Parkinson's disease, a part of the brain called the globus pallidus is overactive, which causes a decrease in the activity of a different part of the brain that controls movement.In a pallidotomy, the surgeon destroys a tiny part of the globus pallidus
Thalamotomy for Parkinson's Disease
Thalamotomy is the precise destruction of a tiny area of the brain called the thalamus that controls some involuntary movements.
Parkinson's Disease Patient Education Center
Resources about Parkinson's disease, including interactive tools, message boards, and clinical trials.