Parkinson's Disease: Levodopa Versus Dopamine Agonists - Topic Overview
No known treatment can stop or reverse the breakdown of nerve cells that causes Parkinson's disease. But medicine can relieve many symptoms of the disease.Treatment is different for every person. And the type of treatment you will need may change as the disease progresses. Your age, work status, family, and living situation can all affect decisions about when to begin treatment, what types of treatment to use, and when to make changes in treatment. As your medical condition changes, you may need regular adjustments in your treatment to balance quality-of-life issues, side effects of treatment, and treatment costs.The decision to start taking medicine, and which medicine to take, will be different for each person with Parkinson's disease. Your doctor will be able to help you make these choices.For many years, levodopa has been the drug of choice for treating Parkinson's disease. Although many newer drugs have been developed, including the dopamine agonists (for example,
Parkinson's Disease: Movement Problems From Levodopa - Topic Overview
Movement problems (motor fluctuations) are the most common complication of long-term levodopa use. The majority of people who take levodopa develop these problems within 5 to 10 years. The main types of levodopa-related motor fluctuations include: The wearing-off effect. Wearing-off periods occur when the effects of a single dose of levodopa do not last as long as they used to. Control of ...
Parkinson's Disease and Tremors - Topic Overview
The tremor of Parkinson's disease is not always severe,but it may affect many of your daily activities. To help control tremor in your hand or arm when you are trying to use the hand,press the affected elbow against your body to stabilize your upper arm and then perform the movement. Wearing a rigid brace across a joint or putting a little weight on the hand may help to reduce tremor and ...
Parkinson's Disease and Depression - Topic Overview
Depression is common in people who have Parkinson's disease. Sometimes it is caused by the disease itself. Or it can be caused by the distress that comes with having any long-term,disabling illness. Taking care of yourself emotionally is an important part of staying healthy. If you are feeling sad or depressed,ask a friend or family member for help. Think about what might be causing or ...
Parkinson's Disease and Sexual Problems - Topic Overview
Problems with sexual function in people with Parkinson's disease are common. Muscle stiffness and movement may make sexual activity difficult. Depression or anxiety may result in a loss of interest in sex or,in men,erection problems. These often can be improved by treatment with medicine. Parkinson's disease can affect the nerves that control the sexual organs. This may cause difficulty in ...
Differences Between Essential Tremor and Parkinson's Disease - Topic Overview
Essential tremor differs from the tremor caused by Parkinson's disease in the following ways: Essential tremor may affect the head and voice. Head tremor is uncommon in early Parkinson's disease. Essential tremor is almost always worse when the affected part of the body is in motion than when it is at rest. Tremor associated with Parkinson's disease generally decreases or disappears when the ...
Neurological Exam for Parkinson's Disease - Topic Overview
A detailed neurological exam should be part of a standard physical exam to diagnose Parkinson's disease and to separate Parkinson's disease from other conditions. Your family doctor or general practitioner can do this. Or you may be referred to a neurologist,which is a doctor who specializes in disorders of the nervous system (brain,spinal cord,peripheral nerves,and muscles). During this ...
Parkinson's Disease: Classification - Topic Overview
Parkinson's disease and parkinsonism Parkinson's disease is named for Dr. James Parkinson,who in 1817 first described the features of this illness. Features of Parkinson's disease include tremor,slow movement (bradykinesia),and rigid muscles (rigidity). People with parkinsonism may have Parkinson's disease or another illness with similar symptoms. Other conditions and diseases that cause ...
Tremor - Treatment Overview
Some tremors can be treated with medicine or surgery.A tremor caused by Parkinson's disease may get better if your Parkinson's disease is treated. Essential tremor is usually treated with medicine, such as:Primidone (for example, Mysoline).Propranolol (for example, Inderal).Essential tremor that doesn't get better with medicine may be treated with surgery, such as:Deep brain stimulation (DBS).Thalamotomy.
Parkinson's Disease Patient Education Center
Resources about Parkinson's disease, including interactive tools, message boards, and clinical trials.