Find Information About:

Drugs & Supplements

Get information and reviews on prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and supplements. Search by name or medical condition.

Pill Identifier

Pill Identifier

Having trouble identifying your pills?

Enter the shape, color, or imprint of your prescription or OTC drug. Our pill identification tool will display pictures that you can compare to your pill.

Get Started

My Medicine

Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more.

Get Started

WebMD Health Experts and Community

Talk to health experts and other people like you in WebMD's Communities. It's a safe forum where you can create or participate in support groups and discussions about health topics that interest you.

  • Second Opinion

    Second Opinion

    Read expert perspectives on popular health topics.

  • Community


    Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life.

Got a health question? Get answers provided by leading organizations, doctors, and experts.

Get Answers

Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox.

Sign Up

Parkinson's Disease Health Center

Font Size

Music Helps Movement, Mood in Parkinson's Patients

WebMD Health News

June 20, 2000 -- Music. It does a body good. Physical therapy may help keep Parkinson's disease patients limber, but now researchers have found that music therapy may help them move faster -- and make them happier.

This is the first time that music therapy's effect on Parkinson's has been objectively studied, the Italian researchers say, and their results appear in the latest issue of the journal Psychosomatic Medicine.

Parkinson's disease is a progressive, incurable nervous system disease that is characterized by difficulties walking, moving, and by uncontrollable tremors. It's caused by a decrease in brain cells that create dopamine, a chemical that is important for regulating body movement. Often, improving patients' ability to move and walk can help improve their well-being.

Thirty-two Parkinson's patients with mild to moderate disability participated in the study. They were divided into two equal groups -- one group went through three months of weekly physical therapy sessions; the other had weekly music therapy sessions. The latter consisted of listening to music, creating it on instruments, and moving to it rhythmically.

The researchers noted that physical therapy improved stiffness -- but did not have a significant effect on overall daily performance. Music therapy did. Patients reported improved ability to do such tasks as cut food and get dressed, and said they were less likely to fall or experience the sudden freezing-up of muscles that occurs with Parkinson's. Also patients with Parkinson's sometimes have trouble initiating movement, and music therapy improved this problem -- possibly because of its rhythmical quality, the authors suggest.

But the patients' emotional response to the music could also have affected their ability to move, they say, by activating a particular pathway in the brain that is thought to help regulate some movements. But either way, the patients were happier when listening to music, and it increased their motivation.

Enrico Fazzini, MD, a neurologist at New York University Medical Center, says the effectiveness of music therapy is linked to what Parkinson's disease takes away from patients: their ability to move automatically -- for example, their ability to ride a bike without thinking about it. "[With Parkinson's] people have to bring walking [or biking] into their consciousness. ... They have to bring into consciousness what was previously unconscious. Anything that helps them do that will help them to move."

Today on WebMD

Parkinsons disease illustration
Causes, symptoms, and treatments.
hands on walker
How does the disease progress?
man with serious expression
8 common questions and answers.
intelligence quotient illustration
What are the advantages of DBS?
Parkinsons Disease Medications
Questions Doctor Parkinsons
Eating Right
Parkinsons Exercise
daughter consoling depressed mother
senior man's hands
Parkinsons Daily