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    Parkinson's Disease

    Important
    It is possible that the main title of the report Parkinson's Disease is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

    Synonyms

    • Drug-Induced Parkinsonism
    • Paralysis Agitans
    • Parkinsonism
    • Postencephalitic Parkinsonism
    • Secondary Parkinsonism
    • Shaking Palsy
    • Symptomatic Parkinsonism

    Disorder Subdivisions

    • None

    General Discussion

    Parkinson's disease is a slowly progressive neurologic condition characterized by involuntary trembling (tremor), muscular stiffness or inflexibility (rigidity), slowness of movement and difficulty carrying out voluntary movements. Degenerative changes occur in areas deep within the brain (substantia nigra and other pigmented regions of the brain), causing a decrease in dopamine levels in the brain. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter, which is a chemical that sends a signal in the brain. Parkinsonian symptoms can also develop secondary to hydrocephalus (a condition in which the head is enlarged and areas of the brain accumulate excessive fluids, resulting in an increase in pressure on the brain), head trauma, inflammation of the brain (encephalitis), obstructions (infarcts) or tumors deep within the cerebral hemispheres and the upper brain stem (basal ganglia), or exposure to certain drugs and toxins. Parkinson's disease is slowly progressive and may not become incapacitating for many years.

    Resources

    WE MOVE (Worldwide Education and Awareness for Movement Disorders)
    5731 Mosholu Avenue
    Bronx, NY 10471
    USA
    Tel: (347)843-6132
    Fax: (718)601-5112
    Email: wemove@wemove.org
    Internet: http://www.wemove.org

    Parkinson's Disease Foundation, Inc.
    1359 Broadway
    Suite 1509
    New York, NY 10018
    Tel: (212)923-4700
    Fax: (212)923-4778
    Tel: (800)457-6676
    Email: info@pdf.org
    Internet: http://www.pdf.org

    NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
    Office of Communications and Government Relations
    6610 Rockledge Drive, MSC 6612
    Bethesda, MD 20892-6612
    Tel: (301)496-5717
    Fax: (301)402-3573
    Tel: (866)284-4107
    TDD: (800)877-8339
    Email: ocpostoffice@niaid.nih.gov
    Internet: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/

    NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
    P.O. Box 5801
    Bethesda, MD 20824
    Tel: (301)496-5751
    Fax: (301)402-2186
    Tel: (800)352-9424
    TDD: (301)468-5981
    Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

    Alzheimer's Foundation of America
    322 8th Ave, 7th Floor
    New York, NY 10001
    USA
    Tel: (866)232-8484
    Fax: (646)638-1546
    Tel: (866)232-8484
    Email: info@alzfdn.org
    Internet: http://www.alzfdn.org

    New Horizons Un-Limited, Inc.
    811 East Wisconsin Ave
    P.O. Box 510034
    Milwaukee, WI 53203
    USA
    Tel: (414)299-0124
    Fax: (414)347-1977
    Email: horizons@new-horizons.org
    Internet: http://www.new-horizons.org

    Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
    PO Box 8126
    Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
    Tel: (301)251-4925
    Fax: (301)251-4911
    Tel: (888)205-2311
    TDD: (888)205-3223
    Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

    Madisons Foundation
    PO Box 241956
    Los Angeles, CA 90024
    Tel: (310)264-0826
    Fax: (310)264-4766
    Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
    Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

    National Parkinson Foundation, Inc.
    1501 NW 9th Ave/Bob Hope Road
    Miami, FL 33136-1494
    Tel: (305)243-6666
    Fax: (305)243-6073
    Tel: (800)327-4545
    Email: contact@parkinson.org
    Internet: http://www.parkinson.org

    Child Neurology Foundation
    201 Chicago Ave, #200
    Minneapolis, MN 55415
    USA
    Tel: (952)641-6100
    Fax: (952)881-6276
    Tel: (877)263-5430
    Email: jstone@childneurologyfoundation.org
    Internet: http://www.childneurologyfoundation.org

    Northwest Parkinson's Foundation
    400 Mercer Street
    #401
    Seattle, WA 98109
    Tel: (206)748-9481
    Tel: (877)980-7500
    Email: info@nwpf.org
    Internet: http://www.nwpf.org

    Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation
    551 Fifth Avenue
    Suite 520
    New York, NY 10176
    Tel: (212)682-9900
    Fax: (212)682-6156
    Internet: http://www.dystonia-parkinson.org

    Movement Disorder Society
    555 E. Wells Street
    Suite 1100
    Milwaukee, WI 53202-3823
    Tel: (414)276-2145
    Fax: (414)276-3349
    Email: info@movementdisorders.org
    Internet: http://www.movementdisorders.org

    For a Complete Report:

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

    The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

    It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

    This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

    For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

    Last Updated: 4/7/2008
    Copyright 1986, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

    WebMD Medical Reference from the National Organization for Rare Disorders

    Last Updated: May 28, 2015
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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