Major pharmaceutical companies continually research and develop new medications and treatments, which must be shown to be safe and effective before the FDA ( Food and Drug Administration) approves them and doctors can prescribe them to patients. Through prostate cancer clinical trials, researchers test the effects of new medications on a group of volunteers with prostate cancer. Following a strict protocol and using carefully controlled conditions, researchers evaluate the investigational drugs under development and measure the ability of the new drug to treat prostate cancer, its safety, and any possible side effects.
Some patients with prostate cancer are reluctant to take part in clinical trials for fear of getting no treatment at all for their prostate cancer. This is simply not true. Patients with prostate cancer who participate in prostate cancer clinical trials receive the most effective therapy available for their condition -- or they may receive prostate cancer treatments that are being evaluated for future use. These prostate cancer drugs may be even more effective than the current prostate cancer treatment.
The prostate is a muscular, walnut-sized gland that surrounds part of the urethra, the tube that transports urine and sperm out of the body. A gland is a group of cells that secretes chemicals that act on or control the activity of other cells or organs.
The prostate is part of the male reproductive system. Its main job is to make seminal fluid, the milky substance that transports sperm.
Sperm is produced in the testicles, which also make the male hormone testosterone. Testosterone stimulates the...
This web site, developed by the nonprofit Coalition of Cancer Cooperative Groups, is an unbiased cancer clinical trial matching and navigation service that enables patients to search for cancer trials based on disease and location.