Advanced Prostate Cancer and Side Effects
Prostate Cancer Pain and Weakening Bones continued...
Both zoledronate, and denosumab have the unique side effect of destroying the jaw bone.
Radiation Therapy for Bone Pain
Radiation is given to reduce bone pain in advanced prostate cancer.
- External beam radiation therapy: Radiation using a high-energy X-ray machine that directs radiation to the painful bones.
- Radioisotopes: Radiation therapy that's delivered through an injection. It targets and attacks the area of bone containing cancer. Strontium 89 is a commonly used radioisotope. Radium 223 (alphadrin) is a new radioisotope used to treat metastatic prostate cancer.
Surgery to Stabilize Bones
Doctors may recommend surgery to stabilize a weakened bone or bones. A surgeon may insert rods, plates, screws, wires, or other devices to provide support to bones damaged by metastasis. Surgery is usually performed only if there is an impending, or an actual, fracture.
Lifestyle Changes to Maintain Bone Health
Specific lifestyle changes can help maintain bone health. They include decreasing alcohol intake, quitting smoking, doing regular weight-bearing exercises, and taking Vitamin D and calcium supplements.