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Advanced Prostate Cancer and Side Effects

(continued)

Prostate Cancer Pain and Weakening Bones continued...

Both zoledronate, and denosumab have the unique side effect of destroying the jaw bone.

Radiation Therapy for Bone Pain

Radiation is given to reduce bone pain in advanced prostate cancer.

  • External beam radiation therapy: Radiation using a high-energy X-ray machine that directs radiation to the painful bones.
  • Radioisotopes: Radiation therapy that's delivered through an injection. It targets and attacks the area of bone containing cancer. Strontium 89 is a commonly used radioisotope. Radium 223 (alphadrin) is a new radioisotope used to treat metastatic prostate cancer.

Surgery to Stabilize Bones

Doctors may recommend surgery to stabilize a weakened bone or bones. A surgeon may insert rods, plates, screws, wires, or other devices to provide support to bones damaged by metastasis. Surgery is usually performed only if there is an impending, or an actual, fracture.

Other, Less Invasive Treatments to Relieve Bone Pain

A newer noninvasive procedure uses MRI scanning to enable the surgeon to apply heat from ultrasound energy to destroy nerve endings in the bone around the tumor. This can provide relief from bone pain with a low risk of complications. Other, minimally invasive treatments include the use of extreme cold or electrical current to reduce the size of or to destroy the tumor.

Lifestyle Changes to Maintain Bone Health

Specific lifestyle changes can help maintain bone health. They include decreasing alcohol intake, quitting smoking, doing regular weight-bearing exercises, and taking Vitamin D and calcium supplements.

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WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Arnold Wax, MD on May 01, 2012
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