Orchiectomy is the removal of the testicles.
Urinary Problems and Prostate Cancer - Topic Overview
Both prostate cancer and its treatment may cause urinary problems. Urinary problems caused by prostate cancer The urethra-the tube that carries urine from your bladder and through your penis-passes through the middle of the prostate gland. When the prostate presses against the urethra,you can have trouble passing urine. This could include trouble getting started (urinary hesitancy),...
Prostate Cancer Screening - Topic Overview
Screening for prostate cancer -checking for signs of the disease when there are no symptoms-is done with the digital rectal exam and the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. In the United States,about 75% of men who are age 50 or older have had a PSA test. 1 The number of deaths caused by prostate cancer has dropped over the past 20 years. The decrease has been linked to more cases of early ...
Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer (Androgen Deprivation Therapy,or ADT) - Topic Overview
Hormone therapy for prostate cancer is also known as androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Prostate cancer cannot grow or survive without androgens,which include testosterone and other male hormones. Hormone therapy decreases the amount of androgens in a man's body. Reducing androgens can slow the growth of the cancer and even shrink the tumor. Prior to surgery to remove the prostate ...
A radical prostatectomy is an operation to remove the prostate gland and some of the tissue around it. It is done to remove prostate cancer.
Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer
Radiation therapy uses high doses of radiation, such as X - rays, to destroy cancer cells. The radiation damages the genetic material of the cells so that they can't grow. Although radiation damages normal cells as well as cancer cells, the normal cells can repair themselves and function, while the cancer cells cannot.Radiation therapy may be used alone or combined with drugs or surgery to treat .
Active Surveillance (Watchful Waiting) for Prostate Cancer
Watchful waiting is a treatment choice for older men who have prostate cancer. It means that you and your doctor will watch your cancer to see if it causes any symptoms or appears to be growing. It may seem odd to have cancer and not treat it, but sometimes waiting is the best choice because of the side effects of treatment. Unlike many other cancers, most prostate cancer grows very slowly. ...
Should I have a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test to screen for prostate cancer?
This information will help you understand your choices, whether you share in the decision - making process or rely on your doctor's recommendation.Key points in making your decisionThe prostate - specific antigen (PSA) test is a blood test that is used to screen for prostate cancer. Many men who are older than 50 have this test, along with a digital rectal exam, as part of their regular check - up
Prostate Cancer, Advanced or Metastatic - Prevention
Prostate cancer can't be prevented. However, there are steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing this disease.
Should I have radiation therapy or a prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer?
This information will help you understand your choices, whether you share in the decision - making process or rely on your doctor's recommendation.Key points in making your decisionRadiation therapy and surgery are both used successfully to treat localized prostate cancer. The decision between surgery and radiation often is based on balancing the benefits with the possible side effects of each ...