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Medical Reference Related to Prostate Cancer

  1. Questions or Comments About This Summary

    If you have questions or comments about this summary,please send them to Cancer.gov through the Web site’s Contact Form. We can respond only to email messages written in English. ...

  2. General Information About Prostate Cancer

    Prostate cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the prostate. The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system located just below the bladder (the organ that collects and empties urine) and in front of the rectum (the lower part of the intestine). It is about the size of a walnut and surrounds part of the urethra (the tube that empties urine from the

  3. Questions to Ask Your Health Care Provider About CAM

    When considering complementary and alternative therapies, patients should ask their health care provider the following questions: What side effects can be expected?What are the risks associated with this therapy?Do the known benefits outweigh the risks?What benefits can be expected from this therapy?Will the therapy interfere with conventional treatment?Is this therapy part of a clinical trial?If so, who is sponsoring the trial?Will the therapy be covered by health insurance?

  4. Significance

    Incidence and Mortality Prostate cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in North American men,excluding skin cancers. It is estimated that in 2006,approximately 234,460 new cases and 27,350 prostate cancer-related deaths will occur in the United States.[ 1 ] Prostate cancer is now the third leading cause of cancer death in men,exceeded only by lung cancer and colorectal cancer. It ...

  5. Changes to This Summary (04 / 05 / 2013)

    The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.SignificanceUpdated statistics with estimated new cases and deaths for 2013 (cited American Cancer Society as reference 1).Revised text to state that from 2005 to 2009 the overall age-adjusted incidence rate was 236 per 100,000 for African American men and 146.9 per 100,000 for white men (cited Howlader et al. as reference 10).Revised text to state that cancer statistics from the American Cancer Society and the National Cancer Institute indicated that between 2002 and 2008 the proportion of disease diagnosed at a locoregional stage and at a distant stage was 93% and 4% for whites, compared with 91% and 6% for African Americans, respectively.This summary is written and maintained by the PDQ Screening and Prevention Editorial Board, which is editorially independent of NCI. The summary reflects an

  6. Questions and Answers About Lycopene

    What is lycopene?Lycopene is a carotenoid (a natural pigment made by plants). Lycopene protects plants from stress and helps them use the energy of the sun to make nutrients. Lycopene is found in fruits and vegetables like tomatoes, apricots, guavas, and watermelons. The main source of lycopene in the American diet is tomato-based products. Lycopene is more bioavailable (easier for the body to use) in processed tomato products like tomato paste and tomato puree than in raw tomatoes. Eating carotenoids, including lycopene, along with dietary fat may help the body absorb them. For example, one study showed that more lycopene was absorbed from diced tomatoes cooked with olive oil than diced tomatoes cooked without olive oil.Lycopene in the diet may affect antioxidant activity and communication between cells. Laboratory and animal studies have shown that lycopene may help lower the risk of prostate, skin, breast, lung, and liver cancers. However, clinical trials of whether lycopene lowers

  7. Opportunities for Prevention

    Hormonal Prevention The Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial (PCPT),a large randomized placebo-controlled trial of finasteride (an inhibitor of alpha-reductase),was performed in 18,882 men aged 55 years or older. At 7 years,the incidence of prostate cancer was 18.4% in the finasteride group versus 24.4% in the placebo group,a relative risk reduction of 24.8% (95% confidence interval [CI],...

  8. Get More Information From NCI

    Sources of further information about Prostate Cancer Treatment.

  9. Get More Information From NCI

    This PDQ cancer information summary for health professionals provides comprehensive, peer-reviewed, evidence-based information about prostate cancer.

  10. Prostate Cancer Prevention

    The prostate is a gland in males that is involved in the production of semen. It is located between the bladder and the rectum. The normal prostate gland is the size of a walnut and surrounds the urethra,the tube that carries urine from the bladder. Significance of prostate cancer Prostate cancer is the most common nonskin cancer among men in the United States. Although the number of men ...

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