Treatment Option Overview for Prostate Cancer
Local treatment modalities are associated with prolonged disease-free survival for many patients with localized prostate cancer but are rarely curative in patients with locally extensive tumors. Because of clinical understaging using current diagnostic techniques, even when the cancer appears clinically localized to the prostate gland, some patients develop disseminated tumors after local therapy with surgery or radiation. Metastatic prostate cancer is currently not curable.Treatment options for each stage of prostate cancer are presented in Table 9.Table 9. Treatment Options by Stage for Prostate CancerStage (TNM Staging Criteria)Standard Treatment OptionsTURP = transurethral resection of the prostate.Stage I Prostate CancerWatchful waiting or active surveillanceRadical prostatectomyExternal-beam radiation therapy (EBRT)Interstitial implantation of radioisotopesStage II Prostate CancerWatchful waiting or active
Treatment Options for Recurrent Prostate Cancer
Treatment of recurrent prostate cancer may include the following: Radiation therapy. Prostatectomy for patients initially treated with radiation therapy. Hormone therapy. Pain medication,external radiation therapy,internal radiation therapy with radioisotopes such as strontium-89,or other treatments as palliative therapy to lessen bone pain. A clinical trial of ultrasound-guided ...
Questions and Answers About Soy
What is soy?The soybean plant has been grown in Asia for food since ancient times. Soy first arrived in Europe and North America in the 18th century. The soybean can be processed into a wide variety of products including soy milk, miso, tofu, soy flour, and oil. Soy foods contain many phytochemicals that may have health benefits. Isoflavones are the most widely researched compounds in soy. Major isoflavones in the soybean include genistein (which may be the most bioactive isoflavone), daidzein, and glycitein. Isoflavones protect the soybean plant from stress and have antioxidant, antimicrobial, and antifungal actions.Isoflavones are phytoestrogens (estrogen -like substances found in plants) that attach to estrogen receptors in cells. Genistein has been shown to affect many pathways in prostate cancer cells involved in the growth and spread of cancer. How is soy administered or consumed? Soy may be consumed in the diet or taken in dietary supplements. Have any preclinical (laboratory
Prostate Cancer, Advanced or Metastatic - Topic Overview
What is prostate cancer? Prostate cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in a man's prostate gland. The prostate sits just below the bladder.
Prostate Cancer - Surgery
Information on prostate cancer surgery.
Prostate Cancer - What Happens
Almost all prostate cancers are discovered in their early stages, and the five-year survival rate is almost 100%.
Prostate Cancer, Advanced or Metastatic - Surgery
Surgery to treat prostate cancer is usually reserved for men in good health who are younger than 70 and who choose to have surgery. v
Prostate Cancer, Advanced or Metastatic - Prevention
Prostate cancer can't be prevented. However, there are steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing this disease.
Prostate Cancer, Advanced or Metastatic - When To Call a Doctor
Find out when to calll a doctor about prostate cancer.
Prostate Cancer - Medications
A very brief overview of homornes and chemotherapy as prostate cancer medication.