Major pharmaceutical companies continually research and develop new medications and treatments, which must be shown to be safe and effective before the FDA ( Food and Drug Administration) approves them and doctors can prescribe them to patients. Through prostate cancer clinical trials, researchers test the effects of new medications on a group of volunteers with prostate cancer. Following a strict protocol and using carefully controlled conditions, researchers evaluate the investigational drugs under...
Not all men develop osteoporosis as a result of hormone (also called androgen deprivation) therapy. But bone mineral density screenings may be a good idea during hormonal treatments.
A type of X-ray, bone mineral density screenings are a safe and noninvasive way to diagnose osteoporosis, detect low bone density, monitor the effectiveness of treatments, and predict the risk for future fractures.
How Do I Prevent Osteoporosis If I'm Taking Hormones for Prostate Cancer?
Some approaches that may help to slow or prevent osteoporosis include:
Taking calcium and vitamin D. The recommended daily intake of calcium is 1,200 mg to 1,500 mg, and 400 to 800 IU of vitamin D.
Exercising. Regular physical activity, especially weight-bearing exercises such as jogging, dancing and stair-climbing, can help prevent bone loss. Resistance exercises, such as weight lifting, have been shown to strengthen bones.
Use of bisphosphonates. Bisphosphonates usually taken by intravenous infusion (but sometimes by mouth) can stop or even reverse osteoporosis due to hormonal therapy for advanced prostate cancer.
Not using tobacco.
Limiting alcohol intake.
Men should talk to their health care providers about other approaches.