Although these diseases have different causes, they have similar symptoms. This is why it's important to be checked for prostate cancer as part of your yearly physical examination. Your doctor will often refer you to a urologist (a doctor who specializes in diseases of the urinary tract and the male reproductive system) if you have symptoms of any of the following diseases.
The prostate is a muscular, walnut-sized gland that surrounds part of the urethra, the tube that transports urine and sperm out of the body. A gland is a group of cells that secretes chemicals that act on or control the activity of other cells or organs.
The prostate is part of the male reproductive system. Its main job is to make seminal fluid, the milky substance that transports sperm.
Sperm is produced in the testicles, which also make the male hormone testosterone. Testosterone stimulates the...
Often called BPH, benign prostatic hyperplasia is a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. It is very common but rarely causes symptoms before age 40. According to the American Urological Association, about half of men between the ages of 51 and 60 and up to 90% of men older than age 80 have BPH.