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Prostate Cancer: Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Prostate Disease

The three most common types of prostate disease are:

  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia
  • Prostatitis
  • Prostate cancer

Although these diseases have different causes, they have similar symptoms. This is why it's important to be checked for prostate cancer as part of your yearly physical examination. Your doctor will often refer you to a urologist (a doctor who specializes in diseases of the urinary tract and the male reproductive system) if you have symptoms of any of the following diseases.

Recommended Related to Prostate Cancer

What Causes Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer affects mainly older men. Four out of five cases are diagnosed in men over 65, but less than 1% in men under 50. Though uncommon, prostate cancer can be seen in men even in their 30's and 40's. Men with a family history of prostate cancer are more likely to develop prostate cancer than the general population. On a case-by-case basis, doctors cannot say with certainty what causes prostate cancer, but experts generally agree that diet contributes to the risk. Men who consume large...

Read the What Causes Prostate Cancer? article > >

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Often called BPH, benign prostatic hyperplasia is a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. It is very common but rarely causes symptoms before age 40. According to the American Urological Association, about half of men between the ages of 51 and 60 and up to 90% of men older than age 80 have BPH.

Symptoms of BPH include:

  • Difficulty urinating
  • An urge to urinate even when the bladder is empty
  • Frequent urination, especially at night
  • A weak or intermittent stream of urine and a sense of incomplete emptying when urinating

Prostatitis

Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate. This can be caused by a bacterial infection. Men of all ages can get prostatitis, and it can occur in any size prostate (enlarged or not).

Symptoms of prostatitis include:

  • Difficulty urinating
  • Frequent urination, especially at night
  • Pain or burning during urination
  • Chills and fever along with urinating problems

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer, in its early stages, may not cause any symptoms. But as it progresses, symptoms often appear.

Symptoms of prostate cancer include:

  • A need to urinate frequently, especially at night
  • Difficulty starting urination
  • Inability to urinate
  • Weak or interrupted flow of urine (dribbling)
  • Painful or burning urination
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Blood in urine or semen
  • Frequent pain or stiffness in the back, hips, or upper thighs

 

 

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Jay B. Zatzkin, MD, FACP on August 03, 2013

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