Although these diseases have different causes, they have similar symptoms. This is why it's important to be checked for prostate cancer as part of your yearly physical examination. Your doctor will often refer you to a urologist (a doctor who specializes in diseases of the urinary tract and the male reproductive system) if you have symptoms of any of the following diseases.
Often called BPH, benign prostatic hyperplasia is a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. It is very common but rarely causes symptoms before age 40. According to the American Urological Association, about half of men between the ages of 51 and 60 and up to 90% of men older than age 80 have BPH.