Surgery to treat
prostate cancer is usually reserved for men in good
health who are younger than 70 and who choose to have surgery. Surgery may be
done to relieve symptoms and to slow the growth of cancer.
Radical prostatectomy, the removal of the prostate and
its cancer. It is not usually done if the cancer has spread to other parts of
Orchiectomy, the removal of the testicles. This may
cause the cancer to shrink and may improve symptoms, because prostate cancer
often needs the testosterone made by the testicles to grow.
TURP, or transurethral resection of the prostate. This
operation can help to relieve bladder problems, because it removes part of the
tumor that may be blocking the urethra, the tube that carries urine from your
bladder through your penis. This can keep the tumor from growing for a while.
But TURP does not take out the whole tumor.
What to think about
removal of the testicles (orchiectomy) and hormone therapy medicines have some
of the same side effects, including hot flashes, larger breasts, loss of sexual
desire, and the inability to have an erection.