The prostate is a muscular, walnut-sized gland that surrounds part of the urethra, the tube that transports urine and sperm out of the body. A gland is a group of cells that secretes chemicals that act on or control the activity of other cells or organs.
The prostate is part of the male reproductive system. Its main job is to make seminal fluid, the milky substance that transports sperm.
Sperm is produced in the testicles, which also make the male hormone testosterone. Testosterone stimulates the...
Dull, aching pain in your lower back, pelvis, or hips.
lymph nodes in the groin area. These nodes are usually
Active surveillance or watchful waiting
Active surveillance means a man will be watched closely by his doctor and have regular checkups and tests, including prostatebiopsies. If the cancer starts to grow more quickly, he will have other treatment.
Active surveillance is an option for men with low-risk cancer who expect to live more than 10 years and don't have other chronic health problems. It may be an option for some men with intermediate-risk prostate cancer. But active surveillance usually is not a choice when prostate cancer has spread.
Sometimes men who have PSA levels that are rising slowly after having treatment may not start hormone treatments right away but be monitored with active surveillance.
Watchful waiting means a man will be watched closely by his doctor but not have treatments that try to get rid of the cancer. If an older man has serious health problems and isn't expected to live more than 10 years, he may not be able to handle treatments or even want to have treatments except those needed to keep him comfortable (palliative care).
Who to see
Doctors who can treat locally advanced and metastatic
prostate cancer include: