Some things can increase your chances of getting prostate cancer. These things are called risk factors. But many people who get prostate cancer don't have any of these risk factors. And some people who have risk factors don't get this cancer.
Being older than 50 is the
main risk factor for
prostate cancer. About 6 out of 10 new prostate cancers are found in men who are 65 or older.2
Your chances of getting the disease
are higher if other men in your family have had it.
Your risk is doubled if
your father or brother had prostate cancer. Your risk also depends on the
age at which your relative was diagnosed.
Men whose families carry the gene changes that cause breast cancer,
BRCA1 or BRCA2, are thought to be at increased risk for prostate
Prostate cancer is more common among African-American men than men of other races. African-American men also have a greater chance of getting the kind of prostate cancer that grows and spreads.
In men of other races, non-Hispanic white men are more likely to get prostate cancer than Hispanic or Asian-American men.
What you eat. Men who live in countries where
people eat more red meat and fats are more likely to be diagnosed with and die
from prostate cancer, according to some studies. Eating more lycopene, found in
tomatoes and beets, may reduce the risk.