"Treatments are working better than we could have imagined 15 years ago," says Clifton O. "Bing" Bingham, MD, director of the Johns Hopkins Arthritis Center in Baltimore. Thanks to good drugs and aggressive treatment, symptoms like painful, swollen joints and fatigue may go away, at least for a while, in some people, he says.
New drugs also mean more options. Your doctor can custom-tailor your medicine regime to cause fewer side effects and fit well with your life.
What to Expect From Treatment
As soon as you're diagnosed with RA, you'll probably start taking medicine, even if you aren't feeling that bad.
"RA can cause irreversible joint damage in the first 3 to 6 months after you're diagnosed," says M. Elaine Husni, MD, MPH, director of the Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Center at the Cleveland Clinic. "There's not a lot of time to wait."
Doctors recommend a DMARD, or disease-modifying antirheumatic drug, for everyone with RA because they ease symptoms and slow or stop worsening of the disease. Unlike some RA treatments that treat only the pain, a DMARD treats the cause: an overactive immune system that's hurting healthy tissue.
Most people start with a DMARD called methotrexate. "It's tried and true," Husni says. "We have a lot of experience with it and know how to manage the side effects."
Another option is a biologic. Biologics are a type of DMARD that target and block specific effects of the immune system. Doctors often recommend a biologic when other treatments have not eased symptoms enough.
One problem with DMARDs is they take a few months to work. In the meantime, you may need painkillers or a steroid like prednisone to get your symptoms under control.
Steroids work fast, but they have nasty long-term side effects. "Steroids are like a Band-Aid, not a real solution," Bingham says. "The goal is to get off them as quickly as possible once the DMARD starts working."