10 RA Symptoms You Should Never Ignore
5. Red eyes. Blood vessels in your eyes may swell. This can make your eyes red and inflamed. Sometimes, eye drops can ease minor pain.
“A severe, painful red eye tends to be alarming,” says John Esdaile, MD, scientific director of the Arthritis Research Centre of Canada. “You should see an eye doctor or go to an emergency room.”
6. Broken bones. People with RA are more likely to get osteoporosis, a disease marked by bone loss.
Bone loss often lacks obvious symptoms, until you break a bone, Fischer says. But doctors have ways to check for the problem before it could lead to something worse, like a fracture.
If you've reached menopause or take drugs called corticosteroids, ask your doctor if you should have your bone density checked.
Calcium, vitamin D, and exercise can help strengthen bones.
7. Dry mouth. You might not make enough saliva, and dry mouth may cause gum disease.
“Patients don't think, 'This could be due to my arthritis,' so it's good to know,” Esdaile says. Let your dentist know if you have dry mouth and RA.
8. Cataracts. These are cloudy areas in the lens of the eye. Most people need cataract surgery in their 60s. But if you have rheumatoid arthritis, you can get cataracts as early as your 30s.
Corticosteroids make this eye problem even more likely. It depends how much of the medicine you’ve taken over time, Shlotzhauer says. Tell your eye doctor about your RA.
9. Hand or foot that won't move. This rare complication happens when inflamed vessels limit the amount of blood that reaches nerves in your hand or foot. See your doctor quickly or go to the ER.
“Once you treat it, the nerve [should] recover,” Fischer says. “Sometimes it can take a while. It doesn't happen overnight.”
10. Spots on fingers. Years ago, some people with RA got small red or black spots on their fingers or toes around the nails, which meant the tissue had died.
“They're caused by inflammation of the blood vessels,” Fischer says. “It can affect the blood supply to the fingers, which can affect the skin.”
Today’s medications have made this symptom rare. But let your doctor know ASAP if you see dark spots near your nails. You need treatment right away to avoid big problems with your fingers and toes.