Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: Features of DMARD and SSARD Drugs - Topic Overview
Children who have juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) are first treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ( NSAIDs ) that often provide relief and reduce inflammation. NSAIDs are considered the first-line treatment for JIA. Second-line drug therapy-known interchangeably as disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and as slow-acting antirheumatic drugs (SAARDs)-for JIA may be ...
Cyclosporine for Rheumatoid Arthritis
Drug details for Cyclosporine for rheumatoid arthritis.
Exercise for Rheumatoid Arthritis - Topic Overview
Exercise can reduce pain and improve function in people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In addition,exercise may help prevent the buildup of scar tissue,which can lead to weakness and stiffness. 1 Exercise for arthritis takes three forms: stretching,strengthening,and conditioning. Stretching involves moving joint and muscle groups through and slightly beyond their normal range of motion ...
Rheumatoid Arthritis: Classification Criteria - Topic Overview
These criteria were developed by the American College of Rheumatology in 1988 and are still used to diagnose rheumatoid arthritis. Of these seven criteria,four are needed for a diagnosis. Criteria 1 through 4 must have been present for at least 6 weeks. 1 Morning stiffness lasting at least 1 hour before major improvement Arthritis in three or more of the following joint areas on either side ...
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: Inflammatory Eye Disease - Topic Overview
Inflammatory eye disease ( uveitis ) can develop as a complication in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Children and adults with JIA can develop cataracts,glaucoma,corneal degeneration (band keratopathy),or vision loss. The incidence of eye disease in children with JIA is from 2% to 34%. 1 Eye disease associated with JIA often has no symptoms,although blurred vision may ...
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: School Partners - Topic Overview
Your child's teachers,school nurse,cafeteria staff,and physical education teachers can become helpful partners as your child copes with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)) at school. If you can,meet with your child's teachers and help them learn about JIA. Work with them to develop creative ways of dealing with your child's limitations and making the best of his or her abilities. If your ...
Physical Therapy for Rheumatoid Arthritis - Topic Overview
The purpose of physical therapy is to decrease pain and allow you to continue daily activities. Physical therapy can reduce pain in the soft tissues (such as the muscles,ligaments,and tendons),improve function,and build muscle strength. A physical therapist provides these treatments and will also provide education,instruction,and support for recovery. Physical therapy techniques for ...
Sulfasalazine for Rheumatoid Arthritis
Drug details for Sulfasalazine for rheumatoid arthritis.
Medical History and Physical Exam for Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
The most important steps in diagnosing juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) are the medical history and physical examination. Your child's health professional may ask some of the following questions:How long do symptoms last, both during a single day and over time? At what age did symptoms first begin?Which joints are affected? How many joints are affected?Are the same joints always affected or do
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis - What Happens
Learn about the unpredictable course of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA).