Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: Pain Management - Topic Overview
Most children who have juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) will have some pain and discomfort from the disease. The pain of JIA is related to the type and severity of the disease, the child's pain threshold, and emotional and psychological factors. Pain limits a child's ability to function. With care and good communication with your child's doctor, it is possible to provide some, if not total, relief.How to know if your child is in painPain can be difficult for a child to describe. Also, a child isn't always able to recognize a sensation as pain. An older child may be able to describe tingling, cramping, or sharp sensations and may be able to tell where and when the sensation occurs. When a young child is in pain, the signs can be hard to recognize.Signs that may mean your child is in pain include:Changes in usual behavior. Your child may eat less or become fussy or restless. Crying, grunting, or breath-holding. Crying that can't be comforted. Facial expressions, such as a furrowed
Methotrexate for Rheumatoid Arthritis
Drug details for Methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis.
Leflunomide for Rheumatoid Arthritis
Drug details for Leflunomide for rheumatoid arthritis.
Rheumatoid Arthritis: Neck Symptoms - Topic Overview
When rheumatoid arthritis affects the neck joints,particularly those located at the top of the spine,spinal cord complications can occur. Bones and joints affected by rheumatoid arthritis may dislocate and press on the spinal cord. Pressure can cause numbness,pain,tingling,weakness,loss of bowel or bladder control,and unusual head and neck sensations. Pressure may also obstruct blood ...
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: Features of DMARD and SSARD Drugs - Topic Overview
Children who have juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) are first treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ( NSAIDs ) that often provide relief and reduce inflammation. NSAIDs are considered the first-line treatment for JIA. Second-line drug therapy-known interchangeably as disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and as slow-acting antirheumatic drugs (SAARDs)-for JIA may be ...
Exercise for Rheumatoid Arthritis - Topic Overview
Exercise can reduce pain and improve function in people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In addition,exercise may help prevent the buildup of scar tissue,which can lead to weakness and stiffness. 1 Exercise for arthritis takes three forms: stretching,strengthening,and conditioning. Stretching involves moving joint and muscle groups through and slightly beyond their normal range of motion ...
Medical History and Physical Exam for Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
The most important steps in diagnosing juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) are the medical history and physical examination. Your child's health professional may ask some of the following questions:How long do symptoms last, both during a single day and over time? At what age did symptoms first begin?Which joints are affected? How many joints are affected?Are the same joints always affected or do
Minocycline for Rheumatoid Arthritis
Drug details for Minocycline for rheumatoid arthritis.
Corticosteroids for Rheumatoid Arthritis
Drug details for Corticosteroids for rheumatoid arthritis.
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: Stretching and Strengthening Exercises - Topic Overview
Stretching and strengthening exercises can help a child who has juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) control pain and stiffness and maintain mobility. A physical therapist can help determine how much exercise is appropriate for each child. Stretching exercises are those in which the joints are moved through bent and straight positions without working the muscles against any resistance or ...