About 1.3 million Americans suffer from rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This chronic inflammatory arthritis affects two to three times as many women as men.
Although RA is most commonly associated with joints of the hands and wrists, it can also affect larger joints, such as the hips, knees, and shoulders.
Symptoms of hip arthritis may occur later than those from RA affecting smaller joints.
There are many effective pain medications your doctor could choose from. Unlike DMARDs (disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs), these medications don't slow down the joint damage that rheumatoid arthritis can cause. However, they do make living with rheumatoid arthritis easier.
Here's what you should know about some of the more common pain medicationss and anti-inflammatories prescribed for rheumatoid arthritis.
Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
NSAIDs are the cornerstone of pain management for rheumatoid arthritis. They are effective in managing pain, swelling, and stiffness. NSAIDs work by stopping the production of some of the chemicals that cause pain (prostaglandins). They are classified as "selective" versus "non-selective," based on how they work.
Examples of non-selective NSAIDs are:
Diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam)
Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil)
Naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn)
The main drawback of NSAIDs is their potential to cause ulcers or bleeding in the stomach or intestines. Taking a proton-pump inhibitor -- a drug that reduces the production of acid in the stomach -- can reduce this risk. NSAIDs also often cause general stomach upset or discomfort.
NSAIDs can also cause problems if you already have kidney failure or heart failure. A doctor should follow closely if you have these conditions and are taking NSAIDs.
Selective NSAIDs (Celebrex)
These drugs are NSAIDs but have a significantly lower risk of ulcers and stomach or intestinal bleeding. They relieve pain as well as non-selective NSAIDs.
In 2004 and 2005, two selective NSAIDs, Vioxx and Bextra, were taken off the market by their manufacturers. This was done because in some studies, people seemed to develop heart attacks and strokes slightly more often when taking these drugs. Celebrex at doses used to treat arthritis (200 milligrams per day) did not have this association and is still available.
Selective NSAIDs are probably best used by a person with a high risk for gastrointestinal bleeding.