If you consider heart disease a man's disease, it's time to reconsider -- especially if you have rheumatoid arthritis. Post-menopausal women have a rate of heart disease two to three times higher than younger women. For women with inflammatory diseases like RA, the risk is even greater, making a heart-healthy lifestyle – including eating healthy foods – even more important.
Wondering how the answer to "what's for dinner?" (as well as lunch, breakfast, and snacks) can influence your heart disease risk and your arthritis? Read on, and follow these guides for making the best food choices:
Rheumatoid arthritis treatment often includes physical therapy and/or occupational therapy.
Healthy joints are the "hinges" that let us move around and allow us to function every day. Many of us take that for granted. But if your joints are affected by rheumatoid arthritis, these simple movements aren't always automatic or easy.
It's possible for joints affected by rheumatoid arthritis to be too painful and damaged to use fully. Your treatment team will include a rheumatologist and others.
In women with RA, the same inflammatory process that makes your joints sore, hot, and swollen may contribute to artery-clogging atherosclerosis and the formation of clots, which ultimately may lead to heart attacks and strokes.
Research shows that certain foods may contribute to inflammation, while others may help fight it. Foods that may contribute to inflammation include those high in omega-6 fatty acids, found in corn, sunflower, safflower, soybean, and cottonseed oil. They are prevalent in many snack foods, fried foods, and margarines as well as in meats and egg yolks. While researchers know that these foods are bad for the heart, it is not clear what affect, if any, these types of food have on RA.
Omega-3 fatty acids, on the other hand, may reduce inflammation. Good sources include cold-water fatty fish such as salmon, trout, mackerel, tuna, sardines, and herring. Omega-3s may lessen joint pain, shorten the amount of time that morning stiffness lasts, and even enable some people with arthritis to reduce their dose or stop taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). To get more omega-3s in your diet, try adding about two 3-ounce servings of salmon or other oily fish to your menu each week.
Another inflammation-fighter that might surprise you is fiber. Although researchers have known that fiber is heart-healthy, it also appears to lower inflammation. Studies suggest it reduces C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of inflammation found in the blood. A high CRP level can be associated with RA or heart disease. Stock up on fruits, vegetables, and other high-fiber foods.