Irritability, refusal to walk, or protection or guarding
of a joint. You might notice your child limping or trying not to use a certain
Often unpredictable changes in symptoms, from periods with no
symptoms (remission) to flare-ups.
Even though pain is a common symptom of JIA, a child may
not identify pain as a problem. A child may be unable to describe pain or may
become accustomed to the presence of pain. The child may be more alarmed by
symptoms such as stiffness and may be better able to describe those symptoms.
Some researchers believe that some children who have repeated medical
procedures that cause pain may be afraid of further doctor visits and more
anxious about their illness.1 This could cause them to
not express or identify their pain because of fear of medical
What do rheumatoid arthritis (RA), type 1 diabetes, Graves' disease, and multiple sclerosis have in common? One affects joints, another blood sugar. One puts the thyroid into “overdrive.” And the last condition affects the brain and spinal cord. Although the diseases seem pretty different, there is one common denominator. They are all believed to be autoimmune diseases.
RA is one of about 80 different types of autoimmune diseases. After cancer and heart disease, autoimmune diseases are the most...
Eye disease usually
causes no symptoms before permanent vision loss occurs. For this reason, it is
very important for a child who has JIA to have eye examinations with an
ophthalmologist to detect developing eye damage so
that treatment can be started before permanent vision problems occur. If
symptoms are present, they may be as mild as painless red eyes, or the symptoms
can include blurred vision, eye pain, sensitivity to light, and vision
Fever spikes caused by systemic JIA typically reach
103°F (39.5°C) to
106°F (41°C), one to two times
daily, with a fall to normal between spikes.
Rash caused by
systemic JIA is spotty, flat, and sometimes faint red or pink and may occur
with the fever. It may erupt over the torso, face, palms, soles of feet, and
armpits. The rash often comes and goes and may appear late in the day or in the
early morning. It may also be brought on by warm baths or by rubbing or
scratching the skin.
Other conditions with symptoms similar
to JIA include
growing pains, overuse, injury, bone infection, and
certain inflammatory diseases, among others. Many conditions can cause painful,
stiff joints in children. Most often, occasional joint pain in children is
related to an injury or aggravating factors, such as repetitive overuse in
sports activities. JIA is a relatively uncommon cause of these symptoms.