Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA), also called juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA), is the most common childhood arthritis. This disease may affect up to 294,000 children in North America alone.
Joint surgery often restores
near-normal movement in a person who has
osteoarthritis in just one or two joints. But this is
not the case for people affected by rheumatoid arthritis.
Rheumatoid arthritis usually affects multiple
joints, particularly smaller joints, such as finger joints, which are needed
for many daily activities. Surgical treatment may not be an option for all of
the affected joints.
Joint surgery or replacement can relieve
disabling pain and restore enough motion to allow you to do your daily
activities. But it will seldom restore the joint to normal.
Before you decide to have surgery, consult with an
orthopedic surgeon who is experienced in joint surgery
for rheumatoid arthritis.