How Families Can Cope with Schizophrenia
The Right Kind of Therapy
The right kind of psychotherapy is also important.
Individuals with schizophrenia need to learn how to cope with the realities of
their illness. In this regard, family members can be a tremendous help. Dr.
M.I. Herz and colleagues at the University of Rochester conducted an 18-month
study in 1995 of 82 schizophrenic outpatients at high risk for relapse.
Forty-one patients were randomly assigned to "standard treatment" and
41 to "early-intervention treatment" (EIT). The latter consisted of
weekly group or individual sessions, in which coping skills were emphasized, as
well as reporting any changes in symptoms over the preceding week. Patients and
family members were also taught about schizophrenia and how to recognize very
early signs of a psychotic relapse.
When such signs were reported, more frequent office visits
and/or adjustment of medications would occur. Results showed that patients in
the standard treatment group were hospitalized for a total of 351 days, vs.
only 73 days for those in EIT. Thus, family members who are educated about
schizophrenia can make a big difference in the lives of their loved ones.
Finally, family members can join and support mental-health
advocacy groups like the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI), which
provides important services to both patients and their families.
Facts about Mental Illness
- Mental illnesses are physical brain disorders that profoundly disrupt a
person's ability to think, feel and relate to others and their
- Mental illness is more common than cancer, diabetes or heart disease.
- In any given year, more than five million Americans suffer from an acute
episode of mental illness.
- One-in-every-five families is affected in their lifetime by a severe mental
illness, such as bipolar disorder, schizophrenia or major depression.
- A conservative estimate is that a total of 12 percent (7.5 million) of the
country's 63 million youths under age 18 have mental, behavioral or
developmental disorders. Yet only one-fifth of these children and adolescents
who need mental-health treatment receive it.
- The treatment success rate for schizophrenia is 60 percent; for major
depression, 65 percent; and for bipolar disorder, 80 percent. Comparatively,
the success rate for the treatment of heart disease ranges from 41 percent to
- The number-one reason for hospital admissions nationwide is a psychiatric
condition. At any moment, almost 21 percent of all hospital beds in the United
States are filled by people with a mental illness.
- The total price tag of mental illnesses in the United States is $81
billion, including direct costs (hospitalizations, medications) and indirect
costs (lost wages, family caregiving, losses due to suicide).
- Despite media focus on the exceptions, individuals receiving treatment for
schizophrenia are no more prone to violence than the general public.
- On any given day, approximately 150,000 people with severe mental illness
are homeless, living on the streets or in public shelters.
- Roughly 80 percent to 90 percent of people with serious brain disorders are