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Schizophrenia and Brief Psychotic Disorder

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How Is Brief Psychotic Disorder Treated?

Treatment for brief psychotic disorder typically includes psychotherapy (a type of counseling) and/or medication. Hospitalization may be necessary if the symptoms are severe or if there is a risk that the person may harm him or herself, or others.

  • Medication: Antipsychotic drugs may be prescribed to decrease or eliminate the symptoms and end the brief psychotic disorder. Conventional antipsychotics include: Thorazine, Prolixin, Haldol, Navane, Stelazine, Trilafon, Loxapine, and Mellaril. Newer medications, called atypical antipsychotic drugs, include: Risperdal, Seroquel, Abilify, Geodon, and Zyprexa. Tranquilizers such as Ativan or Valium may be used if the person has a very high level of anxiety (nervousness) and/or problems sleeping.
  • Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy helps the person identify and cope with the situation or event that triggered the disorder.

What Is the Outlook for People With Brief Psychotic Disorder?

Brief psychotic disorder, by definition, lasts for less than one month, after which most people recover fully. Some people, however, may have recurrent episodes of psychotic symptoms, but this is rare.

Can Brief Psychotic Disorder Be Prevented?

There is no known way to prevent brief psychotic disorder. However, early diagnosis and treatment can help decrease the disruption to the person's life, family, and friendships.

 

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WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg, MD on February 13, 2014
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