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    Schizophrenia Diagnosis

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    Subtypes of Schizophrenia

    After making a schizophrenia diagnosis, a psychiatrist may classify a patient according to subtypes of schizophrenia. These subtypes include:

    Disorganized schizophrenia. This includes:

    • Persistently erratic speech and behavior
    • Inappropriate emotional expressions

    Paranoid schizophrenia. The patient has:

    • Preoccupation with delusions that other people want to harm them
    • Frequent auditory hallucinations (hearing things that aren't there)

    Undifferentiated schizophrenia. The patient doesn't meet the specific criteria of the above subtypes.

    Residual schizophrenia. Symptoms have greatly improved but the patient still has mild symptoms or only symptoms such as:

    • Apathy
    • Lack of energy and motivation
    • Minimal facial expressions
    • Poor grooming habits

    Paranoid schizophrenia tends to have a better prognosis than other subtypes.

    WebMD Medical Reference

    Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg, MD on August 18, 2015
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