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    Schizophrenia and the Caregiver - Topic Overview

    As a family member or close friend, you may help take care of your loved one who has schizophrenia. You can help your loved one stay in treatment, take his or her medicines, and prevent symptoms from coming back (relapse).

    Along the way, be sure to take care of yourself too. It can be hard to watch a family member-who in the past was happily planning for the future-develop symptoms of confusion and paranoia. Family members may need to seek support or treatment to help them cope with the demands of the illness and the loss they may feel.

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    Schizophrenia Diagnosis

    There is no test that can make a schizophrenia diagnosis. People with schizophrenia usually come to the attention of a mental health professional after others see them acting strangely. Doctors make a diagnosis through interviews with the patient, as well as with friends and family members. Psychiatrists have the most experience with diagnosing schizophrenia. A psychiatrist or other licensed mental health professional should be involved in making a schizophrenia diagnosis whenever possible. A...

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    Tips for family members and friends

    • Accept that schizophrenia is a long-term problem. People who do this usually adjust better to helping their loved ones. Keep in touch with your loved one's doctor, therapist, or counselor about how things are going.
    • Keep your emotions in check. Too much emotion can make recovery harder, because it can be very stressful to your loved one. Try not to be critical, over-involved, or mean. Don't blame your loved one for his or her behavior.
    • Be calm and soothing when your loved one has severe symptoms. Call the person quietly by name, or ask the person to tell you what he or she is experiencing. Don't argue or tell him or her that the voices aren't real. Call for help if you think the situation could become dangerous.
    • Work cooperatively with your family member's health care team and teachers and with other members of your community when needed.
    • Make a plan with all family members about how to take care of your loved one during times of relapse.
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