Six years after Viagra revolutionized sexual ability for men,
many women are still hoping for their turn. To date, the FDA hasn't approved a
product to boost female sex drive.
It's no small problem. A low sex drive is the most common
sexual complaint made by women -- up to 30% to 40% of them, according to Sandra
Lieblum, PhD, director for the Center for Sexual and Relationship Health at the
Robert Wood Johnson Medical School in New Jersey.
Throughout the ages, various potions and contraptions have
pledged relief, but the discerning have wondered if the so-called remedies are
truly love liniments, or merely snake oil.
Just because someone makes a claim about boosting female
libido, it doesn't mean that it's true, says Beverly Whipple, PhD, RN, FAAN,
vice president of the World Association for Sexology. "We have to make sure
that the claim is being made on scientific evidence."
Yet, even if something appears to work in scientific research,
there is the concern that just being part of a study to improve a women's sex
drive might itself have a suggestive effect on libido; it's called a placebo
"It has to do with women's expectancies and hope that any
intervention will prove beneficial," says Lieblum, noting that anticipation can
also change behavior. "Any woman who goes into a trial to improve libido is
motivated to be more active."
The power of placebo is so strong that many health experts look
only to double-blind, placebo-controlled trials to prove a product's
effectiveness. In these studies, a group of subjects receive a real drug, while
another set gets a dummy substance. Neither the researchers nor the
participants know which the real medicine is.
Apply this criterion to the dozens of aphrodisiacs for women
out there, and the number of suitable elixirs dwindles down to possibly one or
two that work for some women. Even with the best of studies, expert opinion
varies on what works best for female libido.
There is a consensus, however, on just how intricate female
desire is. "Women's drive is so complex that biology is only one factor that
drives sex drive," says Jean Koehler, PhD, a licensed family and marriage
therapist in Louisville, Ky., and past president of the American Association of
Sex Educators, Counselors, and Therapists.
Besides biology, the following factors can affect female
Quality of the relationship
Attitudes of upbringing
Support of peer group
Quality of touch and sex
Understanding of partners
Use of medications
Trouble with one or a combination of these factors can affect
women's sex drive. Such loss of interest in sex is medically identified as
hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD).
There are some popular products that have either been designed
or tested to treat HSDD.