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    Sexual Assault and Rape

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    Terms and Concepts in Sexual Assault continued...

    Men must exercise extreme caution in these situations, especially if they are intoxicated. Without exception, advances should be refused if the female is emotionally or cognitively compromised or an uncompromised woman's desires to engage in sexual activity are not clear or logical.

    Postponing sexual interaction until both parties are sober, are of sound mind, and can communicate effectively about their feelings, is the correct course of action. Both parties will benefit from avoiding the serious consequences of sexual assault accusations.

    Fear of reporting sexual assault, rape

    Almost all people are fearful of the stigma and difficulty associated with reporting sexual assault and rape. This tendency must be faced and overcome. Sexual assault should always be reported and sexual assailants prosecuted and punished. Sexual predators and abusers are likely to act again, and the level of violence used is likely to increase with subsequent attacks. The law is remarkably protective of victims of sexual assault, and counseling is generally available. All of these factors should decrease the stress and fear associated with reporting. Although prosecution of sexual assault is not without problems, victims of sexual assault generally fare better psychologically if they cooperate with authorities to bring sexual assailants to justice.

    Sexual harassment and sexual assault

    Sexual harassment is unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature. The key to determining sexual harassment is that the advances are unwelcome.

    Many women are subject to varying degrees of sexual harassment in the workplace, schools, and other environments where they spend their time. All ages and both sexes can be affected by sexual harassment, but younger females are more vulnerable because of inexperience and fear of adults.

    Sexual harassment usually occurs in a situation where the harasser has some sort of control or ability to dominate a person. While most cases of sexual harassment do not lead to sexual assault, directly informing the harasser that the conduct is unwelcome and must stop is imperative. The victim should use any and all demonstrative behaviors, employer complaint mechanisms, or grievance systems to terminate such unwelcome advances.

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