Skip to content
My WebMD Sign In, Sign Up

Health & Sex

Font Size
A
A
A

Sex Habits and the 'Morning After' Pill

British Study Shows Over-the-Counter Pills Bring No Change in Unprotected Sex
By
WebMD Health News

July 7, 2005 -- Making emergency "morning after" contraceptive pills available over the counter hasn't changed contraceptive use or unprotected sex in the U.K.

So say researchers including Cicely Marston, a social science and public health lecturer at London's Imperial College.

Emergency contraception has been available without a prescription in the U.K. since 2001. It's available only by prescription in the U.S. The FDA rejected an application for nonprescription sales of the pills last year.

Hormonal emergency contraception is effective up to five days after unprotected sex. However, it is most effective when used within 72 hours.

Emergency contraception may prevent pregnancy by temporarily blocking eggs from being produced, by stopping fertilization, or by keeping a fertilized egg from becoming implanted in the uterus.

British Findings

Marston's report is published by BMJ Online First.

The data came from three surveys. About 7,600 women aged 16-49 participated.

The surveys covered contraceptive use, with specific questions about emergency contraception.

The results included:

  • No major change in "morning after" pill use when the pills became available over the counter.
  • No major changes in use of other contraceptives.
  • No major changes in unprotected sex.

The only shift the researchers reported was in the pills' source. More women bought the pills over the counter when that became an option instead of getting them from their doctors, the researchers write.

"Making emergency hormonal contraception available over the counter does not seem to have led to an increase in its use, to an increase in unprotected sex, or to a decrease in the use of more reliable methods of contraception," write Marston and colleagues.

Most Likely Users

Single women and younger women were both three times as likely to use the "morning after" pills. However, more than half of the pills' users -- 53% over the three-year period -- were older than 25.

Income and education levels were tied to the likelihood of using the pills. There weren't enough nonwhite participants to track use by ethnic group.

The study did not cover women younger than 16. But those women aren't eligible to buy the pills, say the researchers.

Today on WebMD

flowers behind back
Article
Upset woman sitting on bed
Article
 
couple kissing
Article
Exercises for Better Sex
Video
 
Life Cycle of a Penis
Article
HIV Myth Facts
Slideshow
 
How Healthy is Your Sex Life
Quiz
Couple in bed
Video
 
6 Tips For Teens
Article
Close-up of young man
Article
 
screening tests for men
Slideshow
HPV Vaccine Future
Article