Most Happy With Sex Change Results
90% of Men Who Have Sex Change Operations Pleased
Sept. 26, 2007 -- Most people who undergo male-to-female sex change
operations are pleased with the results despite some minor complications,
according to the largest study ever of sex change results.
Researchers surveyed 222 patients who had sex change operations and found
nearly 90% of them were happy with the results soon after surgery and nearly
half were eventually able to achieve orgasm as a woman after a later
The results suggest that most men who undergo a sex change to become a woman
are happy with the cosmetic and functional results even though complications,
such as vaginal hair growth and urinary problems, can occur.
“Despite these problems, which were mainly minor and easily corrected by
secondary surgery, 76% of the patients who provided detailed feedback were
happy with the cosmetic result of their surgery and 80% said the surgery had
met their expectations,” says researcher Jonathan C. Goddard, MD, a urologist
at University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust in the U.K., in a news
Sex Change Patients Happy
The study analyzed the early results of 222 patients who had a
male-to-female sex change operation between 1994 and 2004. Seventy of these sex
change patients were also contacted an average of three years later to obtain
long-term follow-up information.
The men ranged in age from 19 to 76 with an average age of 43. Nine out of
10 of the sex change patients had a clitoris and vagina created during the
The results showed that 88% of sex change patients were happy with the
initial results at their first follow-up appointment. Among those contacted
about three years later, 76% said the cosmetic results were acceptable.
Researchers also found that among those contacted for follow-up:
- 23% of the patients had, or were having, regular vaginal intercourse.
- 61% were happy with the depth of their vagina.
- 98% had a sensitive clitoris.
- 48% were able to achieve clitoral orgasm.
The study also showed that minor complications were relatively common. For
- 14% had clitoral discomfort, but none had elected to have their clitoris
- 29% were troubled by vaginal hair growth.
- 27% reported urinary problems, and the majority of these needed revision
“The outcome of this complex surgery depends on a number of factors,” says
Goddard. “These include the technical experience of the surgeon, the amount and
quality of tissue that each patient has available for reconstruction and, most
importantly, the realistic expectations of the patients themselves.”