Can be removed whenever you have problems or want to
stop using it. Fertility returns with the first
ovulation cycle following IUD
Hormonal IUD can relieve heavy menstrual bleeding and
cramping in most women
Copper IUD can be used for
emergency contraception within 5 days of unprotected
Can be inserted after a normal vaginal delivery, a
cesarean section, or a
Costs several hundred dollars for
insertion. (This cost may be covered by your health insurance. Some community
clinics may offer insertion and removal at a reduced rate or free to low-income
clients.) If the IUD is expelled, it costs just as much to get a new one.
Having an IUD removed is also costly. However, if an IUD is used for 5 years or
longer, it is the most cost-effective form of birth control.
a health professional can remove the IUD. Never attempt to remove the IUD
yourself or allow a partner to try to remove it.
Does not provide protection against
sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or
HIV. (A condom is needed for STD protection.)
When inserted, can spread a genital infection into the uterus,
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in the first months
after insertion. This is why you are screened for STDs before getting an
Grimes DA (2007). Intrauterine devices (IUDs). In RA
Hatcher et al., eds., Contraceptive Technology, 19th
ed., pp. 117-143. New York: Ardent Media.
Primary Medical Reviewer
Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
Kirtly Jones, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology
June 28, 2011
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
June 28, 2011
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
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