Birth Control - Birth Control Methods
Permanent birth control (sterilization)
Sterilization is a surgical procedure done for men or women who decide
that they do not want to have any (or more) children. Sterilization is one of
the most effective forms of birth control. Sterilization is intended to be
permanent, and although you can try to reverse it with another surgery,
reversal is not always successful.
Tubal ligation or implants. Tubal ligation is a
surgical procedure where the fallopian tubes, which carry the eggs from the
ovaries to the uterus, are tied, cut, or blocked. A new nonsurgical
sterilization technique uses a small metal coil, or
tubal implant , inserted up into each fallopian tube. Over time, scar tissue
grows around each tubal implant, permanently blocking the tubes. Most women are
able to return home within a couple of hours after either procedure. You must
use another form of birth control for 3 months after receiving tubal implants.
At 3 months, you will need to have an X-ray taken to make sure that your tubes
Vasectomy. In this minor surgery, the vas deferens,
the tubes that carry sperm from the
testicles to the seminal fluid (semen), are cut and
blocked so that the semen no longer contains
sperm . This does not interfere with a man's ability to
have an erection or enjoy sex. Men must have a sperm count check after having a
vasectomy before relying on this for birth control.
Female sterilization is more complicated, has higher
risks of problems after surgery, and is more expensive than male
Contraception following pregnancy
Birth control is
an important consideration after you have had a child. Your ability to become
pregnant again may return within 3 to 6 weeks after childbirth. Think about
what type of birth control you will be using, and make a plan during your
pregnancy. Most methods of birth control are safe and effective after delivery. But in the first couple of weeks after delivery or if you are breast-feeding, it's best to use a method that doesn't contain estrogen. Talk to your doctor about which type is best for you.