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Birth Control Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Birth Control

  1. Topic Overview

    Before having an intrauterine device (IUD) inserted,you will probably have: A pregnancy test,especially if you have not been using an effective method of birth control,have been sexually active in the past month,and are not having your menstrual period at the time of the procedure. Testing for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs),because the insertion procedure can carry an infection ...

  2. Topic Overview

    Several myths about when a woman can or cannot become pregnant persist,particularly among younger people. Myths and truths about becoming pregnant Myth Truth You can't get pregnant the first time you have vaginal intercourse. Getting pregnant has nothing to do with how many times you have sex. If you are near the time of ovulation when you have sexual intercourse,you can get pregnant. You ...

  3. Topic Overview

    It is not unusual for women who are taking hormone pills for birth control to have very light periods or no bleeding at all. If you have not missed any pills,skip 1 period,yet have no other signs of early pregnancy,it is very unlikely that you are pregnant. Signs of early pregnancy include fatigue,breast tenderness or enlargement,nausea or vomiting,and increased urination. Call your ...

  4. Topic Overview

    In some women,the estrogen in combination hormonal birth control methods increases the risk of a blood clot in a leg ( deep vein thrombosis,or DVT ) or a blood clot in a lung ( pulmonary embolism,or PE ). A blood clot in a leg vein can travel through the circulation system and cause pulmonary embolism. The risk for DVT or PE is overall very low with hormonal contraceptives. In the past,...

  5. Topic Overview

    The vaginal ring is a highly effective method of birth control when it is used exactly as directed. The ring failure rate is the same as that of birth control pills. Talk to your doctor about what day to start using the ring. Usually,a ring is started during one of the first 5 days of the menstrual cycle. See a picture of the vaginal hormonal ring. The ring cannot be incorrectly inserted. ...

  6. Topic Overview

    The following tables list some pros and cons of using hormonal birth control methods. Combination pills,skin patch,or vaginal ring (estrogen plus progestin) Pros Cons No interruption of foreplay or intercourse Reduced bleeding and cramping with periods,which lowers the risk of anemia Fewer or no periods (with certain types of pill) Reduced pain during ovulation Reduced risk of pelvic ...

  7. Topic Overview

    What is a birth control implant? The implant is used to prevent pregnancy. It's a thin rod about the size of a matchstick that is inserted under the skin (subdermal) on the inside of your arm. The implant releases the hormone progestin to prevent pregnancy. Progestin prevents pregnancy in these ways: It thickens the mucus in the cervix. This makes it hard for sperm to travel into the uterus. It also thins the lining of the uterus, which makes it harder for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterus. Progestin can sometimes stop the ovaries from releasing an egg each month (ovulation).The implant prevents pregnancy for 3 years. After it is put in, you don't have to do anything else to prevent pregnancy.The implant can only be inserted and removed by your doctor or another trained health professional. These procedures can be done in your doctor's office and only take a few minutes.Your doctor numbs the area and injects the implant under your skin. No cuts are made in your skin. To remove

  8. Topic Overview

    A tubal ligation is considered a permanent method of birth control. The fallopian tubes are cut or blocked,which prevents pregnancy by blocking the egg's path to the sperm and uterus. Laparoscopy makes it possible to see and do the surgery through small incisions in the abdomen. For a laparoscopic tubal ligation,the surgeon makes two small incisions-one in or just below the belly button ...

  9. Topic Overview

    Birth control pills come in packs. The most common type has 3 weeks of hormone pills. Some packs have sugar pills for the fourth week. During that fourth no-hormone week,you have your menstrual period. After the fourth week (28 days),you start a new pack. Some birth control pills are packaged so that you take hormone pills continuously for a period of time. With pills packaged in this ...

  10. Topic Overview

    Choosing the birth control method that's right for you can be complicated. There are lots of things to consider,such as your lifestyle and your health. These stories are based on information gathered from health professionals and consumers. They may be helpful as you make important health decisions about the birth control method you choose. Barrier methods Jennifer,age 25,and Ben,age 30: ...

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