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    Birth Control Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to Birth Control

    1. Laparoscopic Tubal Ligation - Topic Overview

      A tubal ligation is considered a permanent method of birth control. The fallopian tubes are cut or blocked,which prevents pregnancy by blocking the egg's path to the sperm and uterus. Laparoscopy makes it possible to see and do the surgery through small incisions in the abdomen. For a laparoscopic tubal ligation,the surgeon makes two small incisions-one in or just below the belly button ...

    2. Contraceptive Sponge for Birth Control - Topic Overview

      Before having an intrauterine device (IUD) inserted,you will probably have: A pregnancy test,especially if you have not been using an effective method of birth control,have been sexually active in the past month,and are not having your menstrual period at the time of the procedure. Testing for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs),because the insertion procedure can carry an infection ...

    3. Birth Control: How to Use the Vaginal Ring - Topic Overview

      The vaginal ring is a highly effective method of birth control when it is used exactly as directed. The ring failure rate is the same as that of birth control pills. Talk to your doctor about what day to start using the ring. Usually,a ring is started during one of the first 5 days of the menstrual cycle. See a picture of the vaginal hormonal ring. The ring cannot be incorrectly inserted. ...

    4. Contraceptive Sponge for Birth Control - Topic Overview

      A diaphragm is a birth control device that blocks sperm from fertilizing an egg. It is made of rubber and shaped like a dome. It fits inside a woman's vagina and covers the cervix (the opening of the uterus); a firm,flexible rim keeps it in place. A diaphragm is always used with a sperm-killing cream or jelly (spermicide) to prevent pregnancy. Proper diaphragm use Spread spermicidal cream or ...

    5. Birth Control - Topic Overview

      Birth control methods Method How it prevents pregnancy Hormonal Prevents ovulation Thickens mucus at the cervix so sperm cannot pass through Changes the environment of the uterus and fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization and to prevent implantation if fertilization occurs Intrauterine device (IUD) The progestin released by the hormonal IUD prevents fertilization by making the mucus in the ...

    6. Contraceptive Sponge for Birth Control - Topic Overview

      Birth control pills come in packs. The most common type has 3 weeks of hormone pills. Some packs have sugar pills for the fourth week. During that fourth no-hormone week,you have your menstrual period. After the fourth week (28 days),you start a new pack. Some birth control pills are packaged so that you take hormone pills continuously for a period of time. With pills packaged in this ...

    7. What to Do About Missed or Skipped Birth Control Pills - Topic Overview

      Birth control methods have high rates of effectiveness if they are used consistently. Follow your health professional's instructions on what to do if you miss or skip your birth control pills. Some general guidelines are listed here. Combination (estrogen plus progestin) birth control pills Always read the pill label for specific instructions. Or call your doctor. How likely pregnancy is ...

    8. Contraceptive Sponge for Birth Control - Topic Overview

      It is not unusual for women who are taking hormone pills for birth control to have very light periods or no bleeding at all. If you have not missed any pills,skip 1 period,yet have no other signs of early pregnancy,it is very unlikely that you are pregnant. Signs of early pregnancy include fatigue,breast tenderness or enlargement,nausea or vomiting,and increased urination. Call your ...

    9. Contraceptive Sponge for Birth Control - Topic Overview

      The skin (transdermal) patch is a highly effective method of birth control when it is used exactly as directed. The patch failure rate is the same as that of birth control pills. Talk to your doctor about what day to start using the patch. It is usually recommended that the first patch be placed on the first day of your next menstrual period. If the patch is started on any other day,use a ...

    10. Birth Control - Topic Overview

      Choosing the birth control method that's right for you can be complicated. There are lots of things to consider,such as your lifestyle and your health. These stories are based on information gathered from health professionals and consumers. They may be helpful as you make important health decisions about the birth control method you choose. Barrier methods Jennifer,age 25,and Ben,age 30: ...

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