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Birth Control Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Birth Control

  1. Topic Overview

    It is not unusual for women who are taking hormone pills for birth control to have very light periods or no bleeding at all. If you have not missed any pills,skip 1 period,yet have no other signs of early pregnancy,it is very unlikely that you are pregnant. Signs of early pregnancy include fatigue,breast tenderness or enlargement,nausea or vomiting,and increased urination. Call your ...

  2. Topic Overview

    The diaphragm is a barrier method of birth control. It is a round,dome-shaped device made of rubber that has a firm,flexible rim. It fits inside a woman's vagina and covers the cervix. It should always be used with a sperm-killing cream or jelly (spermicide). There are different types of diaphragms: The flat-spring and coil-spring types can be used with an inserter. The arcing-spring type ...

  3. Topic Overview

    When to use a condomCondoms can be used with spermicide to prevent pregnancy or alone as protection against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Pregnancy prevention. Use a condom and spermicide to prevent pregnancy. Make sure to check the condom's expiration date, and do not use it if past that date.STD protection. To protect yourself and your partner from STD infection, use a condom during ...

  4. Topic Overview

    Choosing the birth control method that's right for you can be complicated. There are lots of things to consider,such as your lifestyle and your health. These stories are based on information gathered from health professionals and consumers. They may be helpful as you make important health decisions about the birth control method you choose. Barrier methods Jennifer,age 25,and Ben,age 30: ...

  5. Topic Overview

    Before having an intrauterine device (IUD) inserted,you will probably have: A pregnancy test,especially if you have not been using an effective method of birth control,have been sexually active in the past month,and are not having your menstrual period at the time of the procedure. Testing for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs),because the insertion procedure can carry an infection ...

  6. Topic Overview

    A tubal ligation is considered a permanent method of birth control. The fallopian tubes are cut or blocked,which prevents pregnancy by blocking the egg's path to the sperm and uterus. Laparoscopy makes it possible to see and do the surgery through small incisions in the abdomen. For a laparoscopic tubal ligation,the surgeon makes two small incisions-one in or just below the belly button ...

  7. Topic Overview

    The cervical cap is a barrier method of birth control. A cervical cap,which is made of rubber,fits tightly over the opening to the uterus (the cervix). It is used with a spermicide. You can insert the cap ahead of time or just before sex. To work best,the cap should be left in place for 6 hours after sex. Do not leave it in for more than 48 hours total. If you have sex more than one time ...

  8. Topic Overview

    The female condom is a tube of soft plastic with a closed end. Both ends have a ring or rim. The ring at the closed end is inserted deep into the vagina over the cervix,like a diaphragm,to hold the tube in place. The ring at the open end remains outside the opening of the vagina. A new female condom is used with each act of sexual intercourse. It can be inserted up to 8 hours before sexual ...

  9. Progestin-Only Hormonal Methods (Mini-Pills, Implants, and Shots)

    Drug details for Progestin-only hormonal methods (mini-pills, shots).

  10. Topic Overview

    A diaphragm is a birth control device that blocks sperm from fertilizing an egg. It is made of rubber and shaped like a dome. It fits inside a woman's vagina and covers the cervix (the opening of the uterus); a firm,flexible rim keeps it in place. A diaphragm is always used with a sperm-killing cream or jelly (spermicide) to prevent pregnancy. Proper diaphragm use Spread spermicidal cream or ...

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