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Birth Control Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Birth Control

  1. Birth Control and the NuvaRing

    Useful information about the NuvaRing, a birth control option for women.

  2. Birth Control and Sterilization

    Learn about the role that sterilization plays in birth control.

  3. Birth Control and the IUD (Intrauterine Device)

    Learn more about how IUDs -- also called intrauterine devices -- work as birth control.

  4. Ulipristal for Emergency Contraception

    Drug details for Ulipristal for Emergency Contraception.

  5. Topic Overview

    The diaphragm is a barrier method of birth control. It is a round,dome-shaped device made of rubber that has a firm,flexible rim. It fits inside a woman's vagina and covers the cervix. It should always be used with a sperm-killing cream or jelly (spermicide). There are different types of diaphragms: The flat-spring and coil-spring types can be used with an inserter. The arcing-spring type ...

  6. Topic Overview

    The vaginal contraceptive sponge is a barrier method of birth control. It contains a spermicide called nonoxynol-9 that is released over the 24 hours that the sponge may be left in the vagina. The sponge also blocks the cervix so sperm can't pass. It can be inserted immediately before intercourse or up to 24 hours before. It is left in place for 6 hours after intercourse. Effectiveness in ...

  7. Topic Overview

    Before having an intrauterine device (IUD) inserted,you will probably have: A pregnancy test,especially if you have not been using an effective method of birth control,have been sexually active in the past month,and are not having your menstrual period at the time of the procedure. Testing for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs),because the insertion procedure can carry an infection ...

  8. Topic Overview

    Birth control pills come in packs. The most common type has 3 weeks of hormone pills. Some packs have sugar pills for the fourth week. During that fourth no-hormone week,you have your menstrual period. After the fourth week (28 days),you start a new pack. Some birth control pills are packaged so that you take hormone pills continuously for a period of time. With pills packaged in this ...

  9. Topic Overview

    It is not unusual for women who are taking hormone pills for birth control to have very light periods or no bleeding at all. If you have not missed any pills,skip 1 period,yet have no other signs of early pregnancy,it is very unlikely that you are pregnant. Signs of early pregnancy include fatigue,breast tenderness or enlargement,nausea or vomiting,and increased urination. Call your ...

  10. Topic Overview

    A tubal ligation is considered a permanent method of birth control. The fallopian tubes are cut or blocked,which prevents pregnancy by blocking the egg's path to the sperm and uterus. Laparoscopy makes it possible to see and do the surgery through small incisions in the abdomen. For a laparoscopic tubal ligation,the surgeon makes two small incisions-one in or just below the belly button ...

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