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Birth Control Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Birth Control

  1. Topic Overview

    The intrauterine device (IUD) is a method of birth control that is placed in your uterus. It is a small, plastic, T-shaped device that contains copper or hormones. You can depend on an IUD to prevent pregnancy for 3 to 10 years, depending on the type. Your doctor will remove your IUD when it has reached its expiration date or if you have a medical problem. It's always your choice to have it removed sooner if you want to change birth control methods or plan to become pregnant. How is an IUD removed? An IUD removal normally takes just a few minutes. Most women find it is less painful or uncomfortable than having an IUD inserted. But ask your doctor if it's a good idea to take ibuprofen ahead of time in case of cramping. You will lie on the exam table on your back. Your feet will be in stirrups as they would be for a pelvic exam. Your doctor will insert a speculum into your vagina and look for the IUD strings. The strings usually come through the opening of your cervix. If they aren't

  2. Topic Overview

    The following tables list some pros and cons of using hormonal birth control methods. Combination pills,skin patch,or vaginal ring (estrogen plus progestin) Pros Cons No interruption of foreplay or intercourse Reduced bleeding and cramping with periods,which lowers the risk of anemia Fewer or no periods (with certain types of pill) Reduced pain during ovulation Reduced risk of pelvic ...

  3. Intrauterine Device (IUD) for Birth Control

    The intrauterine device (IUD) is a long - term birth control method. Unlike IUDs that were used in the 1970s, present - day IUDs are small, safe, and highly effective.1An IUD is a small, T - shaped plastic device that is wrapped in copper or contains hormones. The IUD is inserted into your uterus by your health professional. A plastic string tied to the end of the IUD hangs down through the cervix

  4. Tubal Ligation and Tubal Implants

    Tubal ligation, often referred to as "having your tubes tied, " is a surgical procedure in which a woman's fallopian tubes are blocked, tied, or cut.

  5. Topic Overview

    Several myths about when a woman can or cannot become pregnant persist,particularly among younger people. Myths and truths about becoming pregnant Myth Truth You can't get pregnant the first time you have vaginal intercourse. Getting pregnant has nothing to do with how many times you have sex. If you are near the time of ovulation when you have sexual intercourse,you can get pregnant. You ...

  6. Topic Overview

    The skin (transdermal) patch is a highly effective method of birth control when it is used exactly as directed. The patch failure rate is the same as that of birth control pills. Talk to your doctor about what day to start using the patch. It is usually recommended that the first patch be placed on the first day of your next menstrual period. If the patch is started on any other day,use a ...

  7. Vasectomy

    A vasectomy is considered a permanent method of birth control. A vasectomy prevents the release of sperm when a man ejaculates.

  8. Topic Overview

    The diaphragm is a barrier method of birth control. It is a round,dome-shaped device made of rubber that has a firm,flexible rim. It fits inside a woman's vagina and covers the cervix. It should always be used with a sperm-killing cream or jelly (spermicide). There are different types of diaphragms: The flat-spring and coil-spring types can be used with an inserter. The arcing-spring type ...

  9. Topic Overview

    A spermicide is a substance that kills sperm. Spermicides are available as jelly,foam,cream,suppositories,and film. The active ingredient of most spermicides is a chemical called nonoxynol-9. Most spermicides come with an applicator. The applicator is filled with spermicide and inserted into the vagina right before intercourse. When using a jelly,foam,or cream,you can then have sex ...

  10. Topic Overview

    The cervical cap is a barrier method of birth control. A cervical cap,which is made of rubber,fits tightly over the opening to the uterus (the cervix). It is used with a spermicide. You can insert the cap ahead of time or just before sex. To work best,the cap should be left in place for 6 hours after sex. Do not leave it in for more than 48 hours total. If you have sex more than one time ...

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