Skip to content

Birth Control Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Birth Control

  1. Topic Overview

    The intrauterine device (IUD) is a method of birth control that is placed in your uterus. It is a small, plastic, T-shaped device that contains copper or hormones. You can depend on an IUD to prevent pregnancy for 3 to 10 years, depending on the type. Your doctor will remove your IUD when it has reached its expiration date or if you have a medical problem. It's always your choice to have it removed sooner if you want to change birth control methods or plan to become pregnant. How is an IUD removed? An IUD removal normally takes just a few minutes. Most women find it is less painful or uncomfortable than having an IUD inserted. But ask your doctor if it's a good idea to take ibuprofen ahead of time in case of cramping. You will lie on the exam table on your back. Your feet will be in stirrups as they would be for a pelvic exam. Your doctor will insert a speculum into your vagina and look for the IUD strings. The strings usually come through the opening of your cervix. If they aren't

  2. Intrauterine Device (IUD) for Birth Control

    The intrauterine device (IUD) is a long - term birth control method. Unlike IUDs that were used in the 1970s, present - day IUDs are small, safe, and highly effective.1An IUD is a small, T - shaped plastic device that is wrapped in copper or contains hormones. The IUD is inserted into your uterus by your health professional. A plastic string tied to the end of the IUD hangs down through the cervix

  3. Topic Overview

    The following tables list some pros and cons of using hormonal birth control methods. Combination pills,skin patch,or vaginal ring (estrogen plus progestin) Pros Cons No interruption of foreplay or intercourse Reduced bleeding and cramping with periods,which lowers the risk of anemia Fewer or no periods (with certain types of pill) Reduced pain during ovulation Reduced risk of pelvic ...

  4. Tubal Ligation and Tubal Implants

    Tubal ligation, often referred to as "having your tubes tied, " is a surgical procedure in which a woman's fallopian tubes are blocked, tied, or cut.

  5. Topic Overview

    The vaginal ring is a highly effective method of birth control when it is used exactly as directed. The ring failure rate is the same as that of birth control pills. Talk to your doctor about what day to start using the ring. Usually,a ring is started during one of the first 5 days of the menstrual cycle. See a picture of the vaginal hormonal ring. The ring cannot be incorrectly inserted. ...

  6. Topic Overview

    In some women,the estrogen in combination hormonal birth control methods increases the risk of a blood clot in a leg ( deep vein thrombosis,or DVT ) or a blood clot in a lung ( pulmonary embolism,or PE ). A blood clot in a leg vein can travel through the circulation system and cause pulmonary embolism. The risk for DVT or PE is overall very low with hormonal contraceptives. In the past,...

  7. Topic Overview

    Birth control methods Method How it prevents pregnancy Hormonal Prevents ovulation Thickens mucus at the cervix so sperm cannot pass through Changes the environment of the uterus and fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization and to prevent implantation if fertilization occurs Intrauterine device (IUD) The progestin released by the hormonal IUD prevents fertilization by making the mucus in the ...

  8. Topic Overview

    It is not unusual for women who are taking hormone pills for birth control to have very light periods or no bleeding at all. If you have not missed any pills,skip 1 period,yet have no other signs of early pregnancy,it is very unlikely that you are pregnant. Signs of early pregnancy include fatigue,breast tenderness or enlargement,nausea or vomiting,and increased urination. Call your ...

  9. Topic Overview

    Birth control pills come in packs. The most common type has 3 weeks of hormone pills. Some packs have sugar pills for the fourth week. During that fourth no-hormone week,you have your menstrual period. After the fourth week (28 days),you start a new pack. Some birth control pills are packaged so that you take hormone pills continuously for a period of time. With pills packaged in this ...

  10. Topic Overview

    Some medicines can interfere with how birth control pills work. For example,you may not be protected from pregnancy while you are taking other medicines that affect liver metabolism. The vaginal ring and skin patch contain combination hormones and may also interact with some medicines. The progestin-only pills,implant (Implanon),and shot (Depo-Provera) also contain hormones that may ...

Displaying 41 - 50 of 64 Articles << Prev Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Next >>

Today on WebMD

IUD
Here's what to expect.
man opening condom wrapper
Do you know the right way to use them?
 
birth control pills
Here's what to do next.
doctor and patient
His and her options.
 
Forgot To Take Your Birth Control Pills
Article
hospital gown
Quiz
 
Birth Control Pills Weight Gain
Article
Ortho Evra Birth Control Patch
Article
 
Comparing Birth Control Pill
Article
New Birth Control Pill
Video
 
HPV Vaccine Future
Article
Young couple holding hands
Quiz