Reasons you may not be able to
have the test or why the results may not be helpful include:
Urinating before (within 2 hours of) collecting
a urine sample or a sample of fluid from the urethra.
the rectal sample.
Using antibiotics before the test.
Douching or using vaginal creams or medicines 24 hours before the
What To Think About
If a chlamydia infection is suspected, do not
have sexual intercourse until the test results have come back. If you have a
chlamydia infection, do not have sexual intercourse for 7 days after the start
of treatment. Your sex partner(s) should also be treated for a chlamydia infection
so that you don't get reinfected and so that others don't get
Only one laboratory test (NAAT, ELISA, DFA, DNA probe
testing, or chlamydia culture) is needed to diagnose chlamydia. Your doctor can
choose which test to use.
Your doctor is required to report your
chlamydia infection to the state health department. The department may contact
your sex partners to inform them that they also need treatment.
Other sexually transmitted
infections may be present at the same time as chlamydia, so it is important to be
tested and treated for all STIs. Chlamydia as well as other STIs can also
increase the chance of getting
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). An HIV test may be
offered at the same time as a test for chlamydia or other STIs.
Other Works Consulted
Chernecky CC, Berger BJ (2008). Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures, 5th ed. St. Louis:
Fischbach FT, Dunning MB III, eds. (2009).
Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests, 8th ed.
Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.