Why It Is Done
Tests for gonorrhea are done to:
- See if a gonorrhea infection may be
causing symptoms such as painful urination, anal itching or bleeding, vaginal
bleeding after intercourse, or abnormal discharge from the penis or
- Screen women who are
at high risk for a gonorrhea infection. Because a gonorrhea infection does not
always cause symptoms, screening is important. The U.S. Preventive
Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends routine gonorrhea
- Check for infection in a newborn whose mother had
gonorrhea at the time of delivery.
Men who have sex with men are at higher risk for a gonorrhea infection.2
Treating a pregnant woman who has a gonorrhea infection
can prevent an infection in her newborn. Screening may be done at the first
prenatal visit. Another test may be done during the last 3 months of
In some cases, gonorrhea tests may be done to determine
if a recently treated infection has been successfully treated. This is not
routinely needed unless gonorrhea has occurred during pregnancy or your sex
partner was not treated.
How To Prepare
Gonorrhea testing is done on:
- Fluid collected from the area of the body that
is likely to be infected. Women should not douche or use vaginal creams or
medicines for at least 24 hours before having a gonorrhea test.
Urine. Do not urinate for 2 hours before a urine sample is collected.