Your doctor may take a sample, or biopsy,
of abnormal tissue. The majority of warts do not require a biopsy. But a biopsy
may be taken if
genital warts cannot be easily identified with a
physical exam or during a gynecology exam with a lighted magnifying
instrument (colposcopy). A microscopic exam on the biopsied tissue
can help your doctor find out whether
human papillomavirus (HPV) is present.
The biopsy can be done in your doctor's
office or clinic. You may have an injection of a numbing medicine (local anesthetic). This is more likely to be used for biopsies of the outer
genital area on both men and women: this includes the
scrotum, or penis. The injection can be painful. But
local anesthetic is needed when the biopsy is likely to be more painful than
Warts are caused by viruses and can appear anywhere on the body. Those that show up in the genital area are caused by the human papillomavirus, commonly called HPV, and are easily transmitted by sexual contact.
HPV infection is the most common sexually transmitted disease (STD) in North America. Certain forms of the virus can cause cervical, rectal, and penile cancer. According to the CDC, at least 50% of sexually active men and women will get a genital HPV infection at some point in their lives...
There usually are no complications after a
Why It Is Done
You may have a biopsy if any of the
following are true:
Your doctor is not sure what type of abnormal
tissue is present.
Warts have not responded to
Warts appear unusual.
Findings of a biopsy may include the
No abnormal cells are found, which usually means that an
HPV is not present.
Abnormal cells called koilocytes are found. Koilocytes
are cells that appear hollow or concave when examined under a microscope.
Koilocyte cells collected from the genital or anal areas are abnormal and
indicate infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV).