HPV and Cervical Cancer
Understand how to prevent and diagnose the HPV virus, which causes virtually all cases of cervical cancer in the U.S.
Syphilis tests detect antibodies to the bacterium that causes syphilis (Treponema pallidum) in blood, body fluid, or tissue.
Stages of Syphilis - Topic Overview
Syphilis is described in terms of its four stages: primary, secondary, latent (hidden), and tertiary (late).Primary stageDuring the primary stage, a sore (chancre) that is usually painless develops at the site where the bacteria entered the body. This commonly occurs within 3 weeks of exposure but can range from 10 to 90 days. A person is highly contagious during the primary stage.In men, a chancre often appears in the genital area, usually (but not always) on the penis. These sores are often painless.In women, chancres can develop on the outer genitals or on the inner part of the vagina. A chancre may go unnoticed if it occurs inside the vagina or at the opening to the uterus (cervix), because the sores are usually painless and are not easily visible.Swelling of the lymph nodes may occur near the area of the chancre.A chancre may also occur in an area of the body other than the genitals. The chancre lasts for 3 to 6 weeks, heals without treatment, and may leave a thin scar. But
Syphilis: Chancre - Topic Overview
The first symptom of syphilis is a sore called a chancre (say shanker) that is usually painless. The sore begins at the site of infection as a small, solid, raised skin sore less than 1 cm (0.4 in.) across. It develops into a red, usually painless open sore with a scooped-out appearance. The sore usually does not bleed.Two or more chancres may develop at the same time, usually in the genital area, but sometimes on the hands, mouth, or other body surfaces.Chancres contain millions of syphilis bacteria and are highly contagious.
Syphilis: Gummata - Topic Overview
Gummata are growths of pink, fleshy tissue that contain syphilis bacteria. They may appear as nodules or ulcers or become masses that are like tumors. Gummata are rare. When they do occur, they range from 1 mm to 1 cm in size. Common sites of gummata include the:Skin, where they cause shallow open sores that heal slowly.Mucous membranes. These gummas may become cancerous.Bones, where they cause destruction of bones and pain that is especially severe at night.Eyes, resulting in visual impairment that may lead to blindness.Respiratory system, where they cause hoarseness, breathing problems, and wheezing.Gastrointestinal system, where they cause stomach pain, inability to eat large meals, belching, and weight loss.Antibiotic treatment cures the syphilis infection and stops the development of gummata. But the scar tissue that forms after successful treatment will probably not go away.
Vaginal Rashes and Sores - Topic Overview
A rash in your vaginal area (vulva) may be caused by irritation of the skin from many sources, such as clothes rubbing against the skin. Rashes that occur without other symptoms are usually minor and often go away with home treatment.Contact dermatitisA common cause of a rash is contact with a substance that causes irritation or an allergic reaction (contact dermatitis). Soaps, detergents, shampoos, perfumes, or lotions can cause contact dermatitis. Often the rash from contact dermatitis is very itchy, but it is rarely serious. Changing your soap or detergent may be all you need to do to prevent this type of rash.Other rashes in the vaginal areaOther conditions that may cause a rash in the vaginal area include:Scabies, which is an itchy skin condition caused by tiny mites that burrow into the outer layers of the skin.Pubic lice, which are small insects that live on humans and survive by feeding on blood.Yeast infection (cutaneous candidiasis), which may cause a rash in the moist skin
Sexual Conditions Guide - Topic Overview
What is vaginitis? Vaginitis is infection or inflammation of the vagina. It can cause itching and burning,a change in vaginal discharge,and sometimes pain during sex. What causes vaginitis? Vaginitis may be caused by bacteria,yeast,or other germs. Bath products,douches,and spermicides also can irritate the vagina and cause itching and discomfort. The three most common types of ...
Sexual Abuse and Assault Against Women
Sexual assault and abuse is any type of sexual activity that you do not agree to.
Retrograde ejaculation refers to the entry of semen into the bladder instead of going out through the urethra during ejaculation.