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    Sexual Problems in Men

    How Is Male Sexual Dysfunction Treated?

    Many cases of male sexual dysfunction can be corrected by treating the underlying physical or psychological problems. Treatment strategies may include the following:

    • Medical treatment -- This involves treatment of any physical problem that may be contributing to a man's sexual dysfunction.
    • Medications -- Medications, such as tadalafil (Cialis), sildenafil (Viagra) or vardenafil (Levitra), may help improve sexual function in men by increasing blood flow to the penis. Promescent is a drug used to treat premature ejaculation. The topical spray is applied to the penis and contains lidocaine, reducing sensitivity and allowing for more ejaculation control.
    • Hormones -- Men with low levels of testosterone may benefit from hormone supplementation (testosterone replacement therapy).
    • Psychological therapy -- Therapy with a trained counselor can help a person address feelings of anxiety, fear, or guilt that may have an impact on sexual function.
    • Mechanical aids -- Aids such as vacuum devices and penile implants may help men with erectile dysfunction.
    • Education and communication -- Education about sex and sexual behaviors and responses may help a man overcome his anxieties about sexual performance. Open dialogue with your partner about your needs and concerns also helps to overcome many barriers to a healthy sex life.

    Can Sexual Problems Be Cured?

    The success of treatment for sexual problems depends on the underlying cause. The outlook is good for dysfunction that is related to a treatable or reversible physical condition. Mild dysfunction that is related to stress, fear, or anxiety often can be successfully treated with counseling, education, and improved communication between partners.

    Can Sexual Problems Be Prevented?

    While sexual problems cannot be prevented, dealing with the underlying causes of the dysfunction can help you better understand and cope with the problem when it occurs. There are some things you can do to help maintain good sexual function:

    • Follow your doctor's treatment plan for any health conditions.
    • Limit your alcohol intake.
    • Quit smoking.
    • Deal with any emotional or psychological issues such as stress, depression, and anxiety. Get treatment as needed.
    • Increase communication with your partner.

    When Should I Call My Doctor About a Sexual Problem?

    Many men experience a sexual problem from time to time. However, when the problems are persistent, they can cause distress for the man and his partner, and have a negative impact on their relationship. If you consistently experience sexual function problems, see your doctor for evaluation and treatment.

    WebMD Medical Reference

    Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on October 14, 2014
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